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Separation and determination of chlorophenylpiperazine isomers in confiscated pills by capillary electrophoresis

Texto completo
Siroka, Jitka [1, 2] ; Polesel, Daniel N. [1] ; Costa, Jose L. [3, 4] ; Lanaro, Rafael [4] ; Tavares, Marina F. M. [1] ; Polasek, Miroslav [2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Chem, BR-05513970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Charles Univ Prague, Fac Pharm, Dept Analyt Chem, Hradec Kralove 50005 - Czech Republic
[3] Criminalist Inst Sao Paulo, Forens Toxicol & Chem Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Poison Control Ctr, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis; v. 84, p. 140-147, OCT 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 8

A simple capillary electrophoretic method with spectrophotometric UV detection at 236 nm has been developed for the selective separation and determination of 1-(2-chlorophenyl)piperazine (oCPP), 1-(3-chlorophenyl)piperazine (mCPP) and 1-(4-chlorophenyl)piperazine (pCPP) in confiscated pills. Several cyclodextrin derivatives were tested to compose the background electrolyte (BGE). The optimized BGE contained 20 mmol/L phosphoric acid adjusted to pH 2.5 with triethylamine and 10 mmol/L alpha-cyclodextrin, which provided acceptable resolution of analytes and candidate interferents in less. than 15 min. The analyses were performed at constant voltage of 25 kV in 60 cm (effective length 50 cm; 50 mu m i.d.) uncoated fused-silica capillary maintained at 25 C with sample injection at 4826 Pa for 8s. Procaine at a concentration of 0.1 mg/mL was used as internal standard (IS). Possible interference from other drugs such as amphetamine, methamphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxyaniphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine, 1-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine and cocaine was also examined. The analytical curves were linear (R-2 = 0.9994-0.9995) in the range of 10-200 mu g/mL (for oCPP and mCPP) and 20-200 mu g/mL for pCPP. Limits of detection (LODs) were 2.0 mu g/mL (oCPP), 2.5 mu g/mL (mCPP) and 3.5 mu g/mL (pCPP). Intraday precision at three concentration levels and six replicates of each level (10, 100, 200 mu g/mL of each analyte; n = 18) was evaluated for the corrected peak area ratio of analyte to IS and the migration times giving RSDs <= 4.9%. The accuracy was estimated for mCPP by a recovery test at the same three concentration levels and recoveries varied from 101.0 to 101.6%. The method has been successively applied to the analysis of 17 confiscated pills based mostly on mCPP. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/07361-6 - Modulação de mobilidade em eletroforese capilar
Beneficiário:Marina Franco Maggi Tavares
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular