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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Singlet Molecular Oxygen Generation by Light-Activated DHN-Melanin of the Fungal Pathogen Mycosphaerella fijiensis in Black Sigatoka Disease of Bananas

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Autor(es):
Beltran-Garcia, Miguel J. [1, 2] ; Prado, Fernanda M. [2] ; Oliveira, Marilene S. [2] ; Ortiz-Mendoza, David [3] ; Scalfo, Alexsandra C. [2] ; Pessoa, Jr., Adalberto [4] ; Medeiros, Marisa H. G. [2] ; White, James F. [5] ; Di Mascio, Paolo [2]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Autonoma Guadalajara, Dept Quim ICET, Zapopan, Jalisco - Mexico
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim, Dept Bioquim, BR-01498 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Autonoma Baja California, Inst Ingn, Mexicali 21100, Baja California - Mexico
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut, Dept Tecnol Bioquim Farmaceut, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Rutgers State Univ, Dept Plant Biol & Pathol, Sch Environm & Biol Sci, New Brunswick, NJ 08903 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 9, n. 3 MAR 19 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 22
Resumo

In pathogenic fungi, melanin contributes to virulence, allowing tissue invasion and inactivation of the plant defence system, but has never been implicated as a factor for host cell death, or as a light-activated phytotoxin. Our research shows that melanin synthesized by the fungal banana pathogen Mycosphaerella fijiensis acts as a virulence factor through the photogeneration of singlet molecular oxygen O-2 ((1)Delta(g)). Using analytical tools, including elemental analysis, ultraviolet/infrared absorption spectrophometry and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry analysis, we characterized both pigment content in mycelia and secreted to the culture media as 1,8-dihydroxynaphthalene (DHN)-melanin type compound. This is sole melanin-type in M. fijiensis. Isolated melanins irradiated with a Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm produced monomol light emission at 1270 nm, confirming generation of O-2 ((1)Delta(g)), a highly reactive oxygen specie (ROS) that causes cellular death by reacting with all cellular macromolecules. Intermediary polyketides accumulated in culture media by using tricyclazole and pyroquilon (two inhibitors of DHN-melanin synthesis) were identified by ESI-HPLC-MS/MS. Additionally, irradiation at 532 nm of that mixture of compounds and whole melanized mycelium also generated O-2 ((1)Delta(g)). A pigmented-strain generated more O-2 ((1)Delta(g)) than a strain with low melanin content. Banana leaves of cultivar Cavendish, naturally infected with different stages of black Sigatoka disease, were collected from field. Direct staining of the naturally infected leaf tissues showed the presence of melanin that was positively correlated to the disease stage. We also found hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) but we cannot distinguish the source. Our results suggest that O-2 ((1)Delta(g)) photogenerated by DHN-melanin may be involved in the destructive effects of Mycosphaerella fijiensis on banana leaf tissues. Further studies are needed to fully evaluate contributions of melanin-mediated ROS to microbial pathogenesis. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/12663-1 - Oxigênio singlete e peróxidos em química biológica
Beneficiário:Paolo Di Mascio
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/07937-8 - Redoxoma
Beneficiário:Ohara Augusto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 06/56530-4 - Estresse redox e carbonílico associado a alfa-aminocetonas e beta-cetoácidos endógenos: mecanismos e biomarcadores
Beneficiário:Etelvino José Henriques Bechara
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático