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A new form of needle-fiber calcite produced by physical weathering of shells

Texto completo
Villagran, Ximena S. [1, 2] ; Poch, Rosa M. [3]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geosci, BR-05508080 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Tubingen, Inst Archaeol Sci, D-72070 Tubingen - Germany
[3] Univ Lleida, Dept Medi Ambient & Ciencies Sol, Lleida 25198, Catalonia - Spain
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Geoderma; v. 213, p. 173-177, JAN 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 7

Needle-fiber calcite is a common crystal form in soils and sediments from diverse environmental settings, and it has been used as evidence of a specific soil development either past or present. However, it can have either a physicochemical or a biological origin and its ubiquity prevents straightforward use as an environmental proxy. In this paper, we present a new form of needle-fiber calcite, derived neither from biologically mediated mineralization in the soil nor from physicochemical precipitation. This needle-fiber calcite is monocrystalline and prismatic, and is associated with the physical weathering of Mytilus edulis (Linnaeus) bivalve shells found in soils from anthropic shell middens located on the northern coast of the Beagle Channel (Argentina). The effects of freeze-thaw cycles can be observed in the local soils and would be responsible for the release of the calcite crystals that make up the outer layer of the shell. In this respect, the new form of needle-fiber calcite would be specific for this process in anthropogenic soils in cold climates, and could provide information on past climatic conditions. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/51264-0 - Micromorfologia de sítios concheiros da América do Sul: arqueoestratigrafia e processos de formação de sambaquis (Santa Catarina, Brasil) e concheros (Tierra del Fuego, Argentina)
Beneficiário:Ximena Suarez Villagran
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado