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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in tropical forestry

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Autor(es):
de Urzedo, Danilo Ignacio [1] ; Franco, Mariana Pires [1] ; Pitombo, Leonardo Machado [1] ; do Carmo, Janaina Braga [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Sci & Technol Ctr Sustainabil, BR-18052780 Sorocaba - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT; v. 310, p. 37-44, DEC 15 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 16
Resumo

The production of organic wastes tends to increase in a manner that is proportional to human population growth. Currently, applying these wastes to soils is being considered as an alternative solution for the over production of organic waste. However, the levels of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from organic waste applications in tropical forestry are unknown. The aim of the present study was to quantify soil carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O) and methane (CH4) emissions from a reforestation project, where trees (Calophyllum brasiliense) were fertilized with different mineral and organic waste materials. A randomized trial was established to measure soil GHG emissions from plots fertilized with sewage sludge compost (SSC), sewage sludge (SS), mineral fertilizer (Min Fert) and a control (C). C brasiliense seedling spaced in 3 m x 2 m intervals were place into a planting hole which had fertilizer incorporated for seedling establishment. Soil GHG were measured using the static chamber method, placing chambers on the surface of the soil and taking measurements over time, during 172 days in a dry season. Organic wastes (SS and SSC treatments) had significantly higher soil CO2 fluxes than mineral fertilizer and control plots, with soil CO2 fluxes of 6.35 +/- 1.17 and 9.33 +/- 0.96 g C m(-2) day(-1), respectively. The application of organic wastes promoted a drastic increase in soil N2O emissions treated with SSC (141.19 mg +/- 21 N m(-2) day(-1), p < 0.01), which had a higher emission factor (2.11%). Average soil CH4 flux on collection days was 0.1 +/- 0.2 mg C m(-2) day(-1), although cumulative soil CH4 emissions over the 5 months study period was positive for the SS treatment, demonstrating the potential emission of GHG from this treatment. Apparently, the variation in fluxes between treatments with organic residues was influenced by differences in the physical and chemical compositions of the wastes and the amounts of labile carbon added. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/16900-2 - Emissão de óxido nitroso (N2O) e metano (CH4) durante plantio inicial de Calophyllum brasiliensis em solo tratado com lodo de esgoto.
Beneficiário:Mariana Pires Franco
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 10/08927-8 - Emissão de gás carbônico e crescimento de Guanandi (Calophyllum brasiliense - Clusiaceae) em um solo degradado após aplicação de lodo de esgoto
Beneficiário:Danilo Ignacio de Urzedo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica