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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Variable rotational line broadening in the Be star Achernar

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Autor(es):
Rivinius, Th [1] ; Baade, D. [2] ; Townsend, R. H. D. [3] ; Carciofi, A. C. [4] ; Stefl, S. [5]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] ESO European Org Astron Res Southern Hemisphere, Santiago - Chile
[2] ESO European Org Astron Res Southern Hemisphere, Garching - Germany
[3] Univ Wisconsin, Dept Astron, Madison, WI 53706 - USA
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] ESO ALMA Atacama Large Millimeter Submillimeter A, Santiago - Chile
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Astronomy & Astrophysics; v. 559, NOV 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 11
Resumo

Aims. The main theoretical problem for the formation of a Keplerian disk around Be stars is how angular momentum is supplied from the star to the disk, even more so since Be stars probably rotate somewhat subcritically. For instance, nonradial pulsation may transport angular momentum to the stellar surface until (part of) this excess supports the disk-formation/replenishment. The nearby Be star Achernar is presently building a new disk and offers an excellent opportunity to observe this process from relatively close-up. Methods. Spectra from various sources and epochs are scrutinized to identify the salient stellar parameters characterizing the disk life cycle as defined by H alpha emission. The variable strength of the non-radial pulsation is confirmed, but does not affect the other results. Results. For the first time it is demonstrated that the photospheric line width does vary in a Be star, by as much as Delta v sin i less than or similar to 35 km s(-1). However, unlike assumptions in which a photospheric spin-up accumulates during the diskless phase and then is released into the disk as it is fed, the apparent photospheric spin-up is positively correlated with the appearance of H alpha line emission. The photospheric line widths and circumstellar emission increase together, and the apparent stellar rotation declines to the value at quiescence after the H alpha line emission becomes undetectable. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/19029-0 - Modelos tridimensionais de transporte radiativo: uma ponte entre teoria e observações
Beneficiário:Alex Cavaliéri Carciofi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular