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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Impaired compensatory beta-cell function and growth in response to high-fat diet in LDL receptor knockout mice

Texto completo
Autor(es):
d Oliveira, Ricardo B. [1] ; Carvalho, Carolina P. d. F. [1, 2] ; Polo, Carla C. [1] ; Dorighello, Gabriel d. G. [3] ; Boschero, Antonio C. [3] ; d Oliveira, Helena C. F. [3] ; Collares-Buzato, Carla B. [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Dept Histol & Embryol, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Biosci, Santos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Struct & Funct Biol, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: International Journal of Experimental Pathology; v. 95, n. 4, p. 296-308, AUG 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 10
Resumo

In this study, we investigated the effect of low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLr) deficiency on gap junctional connexin 36 (Cx36) islet content and on the functional and growth response of pancreatic beta-cells in C57BL/6 mice fed a high-fat (HF) diet. After 60 days on regular or HF diet, the metabolic state and morphometric islet parameters of wild-type (WT) and LDLr-/- mice were assessed. HF diet-fed WT animals became obese and hypercholesterolaemic as well as hyperglycaemic, hyperinsulinaemic, glucose intolerant and insulin resistant, characterizing them as prediabetic. Also they showed a significant decrease in beta-cell secretory response to glucose. Overall, LDLr-/- mice displayed greater susceptibility to HF diet as judged by their marked cholesterolaemia, intolerance to glucose and pronounced decrease in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. HF diet induced similarly in WT and LDLr-/- mice, a significant decrease in Cx36 beta-cell content as revealed by immunoblotting. Prediabetic WT mice displayed marked increase in beta-cell mass mainly due to beta-cell hypertrophy/replication. Nevertheless, HF diet-fed LDLr-/- mice showed no significant changes in beta-cell mass, but lower islet-duct association (neogenesis) and higher beta-cell apoptosis index were seen as compared to controls. The higher metabolic susceptibility to HF diet of LDLr-/- mice may be explained by a deficiency in insulin secretory response to glucose associated with lack of compensatory beta-cell expansion. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/52824-1 - Proliferação e diferenciação da célula B pancreática em modelos animais de resistência periférica à insulina: envolvimento da via de sinalização Wnt/beta-catenina
Beneficiário:Carla Beatriz Collares Buzato
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/50789-1 - Papel do contato célula-célula mediado pelas junções intercelulares no processo de maturação e disfunção das células beta do pâncreas
Beneficiário:Carla Beatriz Collares Buzato
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular