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Ano de início
Entree

New approaches improved functionality of saccharolytic enzymes from fungi

Processo: 12/51688-0
Linha de fomento:Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Vigência: 01 de novembro de 2013 - 31 de outubro de 2015
Área do conhecimento:Ciências Biológicas - Genética - Genética Molecular e de Microorganismos
Convênio/Acordo: BBSRC, UKRI
Pesquisador responsável:Gustavo Henrique Goldman
Beneficiário:Gustavo Henrique Goldman
Pesq. responsável no exterior: David Archer
Instituição no exterior: University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington, Inglaterra
Instituição-sede: Centro Nacional de Pesquisa em Energia e Materiais (CNPEM). Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovações e Comunicações (Brasil). Campinas , SP, Brasil
Assunto(s):Fungos  Sacarificação  Lignocelulose  Glicosídeo hidrolases 
Publicação FAPESP:https://media.fapesp.br/bv/uploads/pdfs/fapesp_uk_bZdJZiW_38_38.pdf

Resumo

This is a bilateral UK-Brazil proposal that brings together scientists from three leading laboratories that have current research into the use of filamentous fungi to produce enzymes for the saccharification of wheat straw (UK) and sugar cane bagasse (Brazil). Their existing data underpin the proposal that will use Aspergillus niger, Trichoderma reesei and Penicillium chrysogenum to provide new knowledge on aspects of the saccharification process. Those species respond to the lignocellulosic materials in different ways, especially with the induction of glycosyl hydrolases (GHs) and accessory proteins that optimise the functionality of the GHs. The market is already reasonably well-served with cellulases from fungi (mainly Trichoderma reesei) but less so with hemi-cellulases and accessory enzymes or non-enzymic proteins that assist in the process. Our preliminary data provide new leads relating to accessory proteins and also with the signals that regulate gene expression at the appropriate time when Aspergillus and Trichoderma are exposed to wheat straw. This project will build on those data to include sugar cane bagasse as another lignocellulosic material and the project will test the following hypotheses: i) that the combined polysaccharide-degrading activity of multiple fungi from distinct genera is more effective than that of each species alone, as this more accurately reflects plant cell wall degradation in nature; ii) that the functionality of fungai enzymes used in the saccharification of lignocellulose can be enhanced by previously undiscovered proteins that do not themselves catalyse the saccharification of lignocellulose. (AU)

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