Cabanne, Gustavo S.
d'Horta, Fernando M.
Miyaki, Cristina Y.
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
 Museo Argentino Ciencias Nat Bernardino Rivadavia, Div Ornitol, Buenos Aires - Argentina
 Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, BR-69060001 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Genet & Biol Evolut, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento:
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society;
Citações Web of Science:
We studied the phenotypic variation of the Atlantic Forest passerine Xiphorhynchus fuscus (Aves: Dendrocolaptidae) with the broad aim of addressing whether the history and type of forest affected the evolution of endemic taxa. We also tested whether the different subspecies and genetic lineages of X.fuscus could be considered full species. We collected plumage and body size measurements and, in combination with genetic data, used multivariate tests to evaluate the working hypotheses. Our results, combined with previous biogeographic analyses, indicate that vicariant events have been important determinants in the evolution of phenotypic characters of X.fuscus, once genetic isolation was complete. Our analysis also suggests that forest heterogeneity and ecotones are important factors in the early evolution of Atlantic Forest taxa, perhaps via divergent selection. Forest instability during the Pleistocene was critical in the evolution of phenotypic traits. We confirm that the subspecies atlanticus should be considered a full species. Other lineages or populations are also phenotypically differentiated but we do not suggest considering them as full species. They share high levels of gene flow and are part of a continuous latitudinal cline of phenotypic variation. Our study suggests that not all the historic events in the Atlantic Forest that affected the evolution of genetic lineages also influenced the evolution of phenotypic characters in the same direction and intensity. Undoubtedly, natural selection played a major role in the evolution of Atlantic Forest organisms.(c) 2014 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2014, 113, 1047-1066. (AU)