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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Phenotypic evolution of an Atlantic Forest passerine (Xiphorhynchus fuscus): biogeographic and systematic implications

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Cabanne, Gustavo S. [1] ; Trujillo-Arias, Natalia [1] ; Calderon, Luciano [1] ; d'Horta, Fernando M. [2] ; Miyaki, Cristina Y. [3]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Museo Argentino Ciencias Nat Bernardino Rivadavia, Div Ornitol, Buenos Aires - Argentina
[2] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, BR-69060001 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Genet & Biol Evolut, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Biological Journal of the Linnean Society; v. 113, n. 4, p. 1047-1066, DEC 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 9

We studied the phenotypic variation of the Atlantic Forest passerine Xiphorhynchus fuscus (Aves: Dendrocolaptidae) with the broad aim of addressing whether the history and type of forest affected the evolution of endemic taxa. We also tested whether the different subspecies and genetic lineages of X.fuscus could be considered full species. We collected plumage and body size measurements and, in combination with genetic data, used multivariate tests to evaluate the working hypotheses. Our results, combined with previous biogeographic analyses, indicate that vicariant events have been important determinants in the evolution of phenotypic characters of X.fuscus, once genetic isolation was complete. Our analysis also suggests that forest heterogeneity and ecotones are important factors in the early evolution of Atlantic Forest taxa, perhaps via divergent selection. Forest instability during the Pleistocene was critical in the evolution of phenotypic traits. We confirm that the subspecies atlanticus should be considered a full species. Other lineages or populations are also phenotypically differentiated but we do not suggest considering them as full species. They share high levels of gene flow and are part of a continuous latitudinal cline of phenotypic variation. Our study suggests that not all the historic events in the Atlantic Forest that affected the evolution of genetic lineages also influenced the evolution of phenotypic characters in the same direction and intensity. Undoubtedly, natural selection played a major role in the evolution of Atlantic Forest organisms.(c) 2014 The Linnean Society of London, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2014, 113, 1047-1066. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/50297-0 - Dimensions US-BIOTA São Paulo: a multidisciplinary framework for biodiversity prediction in the Brazilian Atlantic forest hotspot
Grantee:Cristina Yumi Miyaki
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/12989-1 - Reconstruction of the evolutionary history and phylogeographic studies of neotropical birds based on molecular markers II
Grantee:Cristina Yumi Miyaki
Support type: Regular Research Grants