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Stratigraphical framework of basaltic lavas in Torres Syncline main valley, southern Parana-Etendeka Volcanic Province

Texto completo
Rossetti, Lucas M. [1] ; Lima, Evandro E. [1] ; Waichel, Breno L. [2] ; Scherer, Claiton M. [1] ; Barreto, Carla J. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Inst Geociencias, BR-91501970 Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Santa Catarina, BR-88040900 Florianopolis, SC - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of South American Earth Sciences; v. 56, p. 409-421, DEC 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 13

The Parana-Etendeka Volcanic Province records the volcanism of the Early Cretaceous that precedes the fragmentation of the South-Gondwana supercontinent. Traditionally, investigations of these rocks prioritized the acquisition of geochemical and isotopic data, considering the volcanic stack as a monotonous succession of tabular flows. Torres Syncline is a tectonic structure located in southern Brazil and where the Parana-Etendeka basalts are well preserved. This work provides a detailed analysis of lithofacies and facies architecture, integrated to petrographic and geochemical data. We identified seven distinct lithofacies grouped into four fades associations related to different flow morphologies. The basaltic lava flows in the area can be divided into two contrasting units: Unit I - pahoehoe flow fields; and Unit II - simple rubbly flows. The first unit is build up by innumerous pahoehoe lava flows that cover the sandstones of Botucatu Formation. These flows occur as sheet pahoehoe, compound pahoehoe, and ponded lavas morphologies. Compound lavas are olivine-phyric basalts with intergranular pyroxenes. In ponded lavas and cores of sheet flows coarse plagioclase-phyric basalts are common. The first pahoehoe lavas are more primitive with higher contents of MgO. The emplacement of compound pahoehoe flows is related to low volume eruptions, while sheet lavas were emplaced during sustained eruptions. In contrast, Unit Ills formed by thick simple rubbly lavas, characterized by a massive core and a brecciated/ rubbly top. Petrographically these flows are characterized by plagioclase-phyric to aphyric basalts with high density of plagioclase crystals in the matrix. Chemically they are more differentiated lavas, and the emplacement is related to sustained high effusion rate eruptions. Both units are low TiO2 and have geochemical characteristics of Gramado magma type. The Torres Syncline main valley has a similar evolution when compared to other Large Igneous Provinces, with compound flows at the base and simple flows in the upper portions. The detailed field work allied with petrography and geochemical data are extremely important to identify heterogeneities inside the volcanic pile and allows the construction of a detailed lithostratigraphical framework. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/06082-6 - A província magmática Paraná-Etendeka no Brasil: relações temporais e petrológicas entre o magmatismo toleítico e alcalino e suas implicações geodinâmicas
Beneficiário:Excelso Ruberti
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático