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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

PROX1 Gene is Differentially Expressed in Oral Cancer and Reduces Cellular Proliferation

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Autor(es):
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Rodrigues, Maria F. S. D. [1] ; Rodini, Camila de Oliveira [2] ; Xavier, Flavia C. de Aquino [3] ; Paiva, Katiucia B. [4] ; Severino, Patricia [5] ; Moyses, Raquel A. [6] ; Lopez, Rossana M. [7] ; DeCicco, Rafael [8] ; Rocha, Lilia A. [1] ; Carvalho, Marcos B. [9] ; Tajara, Eloiza H. [10, 11] ; Nunes, Fabio D. [1]
Número total de Autores: 12
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
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[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Dent, Dept Estomatol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Dent, Dept Histol, Bauru - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Bahia, Sch Dent, Dept Estomatol, Salvador, BA - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biochem, Inst Chem, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Albert Einstein Israelita Hosp, Albert Einstein Res & Educ Inst, Ctr Expt Rese, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Head & Neck Surg, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Epidemiol Publ Hlth, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[8] Arnaldo Vieira Carvalho Canc Inst, Dept Head & Neck Surg, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[9] Heliopolis Hosp Complex, Dept Head & Neck Surg, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[10] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biosci, Dept Genet & Evolutionary Biol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[11] Sch Med, Dept Mol Biol, Sao Jose Do Rio Preto - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 11
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: MEDICINE; v. 93, n. 28 DEC 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 11
Resumo

Homeobox genes are a family of transcription factors that play a pivotal role in embryogenesis. Prospero homeobox 1 (PROX1) has been shown to function as a tumor suppressor gene or oncogene in various types of cancer, including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). We have previously identified PROX1 as a downregulated gene in OSCC. The aim of this study is to clarify the underlying mechanism by which PROX1 regulates tumorigenicity of OSCC cells. PROX1 mRNA and protein expression levels were first investigated in 40 samples of OSCC and in nontumor margins. Methylation and amplification analysis was also performed to assess the epigenetic and genetic mechanisms involved in controlling PROX1 expression. OSCC cell line SCC9 was also transfected to stably express the PROX1 gene. Next, SCC9-PROX1-overexpressing cells and controls were subjected to proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion assays in vitro. OSCC samples showed reduced PROX1 expression levels compared with nontumor margins. PROX1 amplification was associated with better overall survival. PROX1 overexpression reduces cell proliferation and downregulates cyclin D1. PROX1-over-expressing cells also exhibited reduced CK18 and CK19 expression and transcriptionally altered the expression of WISP3, GATA3, NOTCH1, and E2F1. Our results suggest that PROX1 functions as a tumor suppressor gene in oral carcinogenesis. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/12054-9 - Busca de marcadores de agressividade em tumores de cabeça e pescoço
Beneficiário:Eloiza Helena Tajara da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 08/06223-3 - Perfil da expressão gênica por microarranjo, de células de carcinomas epidermóides de boca superexpressando o gene HOXD11
Beneficiário:Fabio Daumas Nunes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular