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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

PHF21B as a candidate tumor suppressor gene in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas

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Autor(es):
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Bertonha, Fernanda Bernardi [1] ; Barros Filho, Mateus de Camargo [1] ; Kuasne, Hellen [1] ; dos Reis, Patricia Pintor [2] ; Prando, Erika da Costa [3] ; Augusto Moyano Munoz, Juan Jose [1] ; Roffe, Martin [1] ; Maroso Hajj, Glaucia Noeli [1] ; Kowalski, Luiz Paulo [4, 5] ; Rainho, Claudia Aparecida [3] ; Rogatto, Silvia Regina [1, 4, 6]
Número total de Autores: 11
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] AC Camargo Canc Ctr, Int Ctr Res & Training CIPE, BR-01508010 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Fac Med, Dept Surg & Orthoped, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Inst Biosci, Dept Genet, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[4] AC Camargo Canc Ctr, Dept Head & Neck Surg & Otorhinolaryngol, BR-01508010 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Natl Inst Sci & Technol Oncogen INCITO, BR-01509010 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Fac Med, Dept Urol, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: MOLECULAR ONCOLOGY; v. 9, n. 2, p. 450-462, FEB 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

A significant association between DNA losses on 22q13.31 and head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) was previously reported by our group. Our data indicated that PHF21B gene, mapped on 22q13.31 and encoding a protein with function of chromatin-mediated transcriptional regulation, might be a putative tumor suppressor gene. To test this hypothesis, gene copy number was assessed in 75 HNSCC and 49 matched peripheral blood samples. PHF21B losses were detected in 43 tumors and were significantly associated with patients with familial history of cancer (P < 0.0001); i.e., 36/43 cases showed a positive family history of cancer and 22/36 had first-degree relatives with cancer (P = 0.049). In attempt to investigate other mechanisms for PHF21B loss of function, DNA sequencing was performed and no mutations were detected. We next evaluated the gene expression levels after inhibition of DNA methylation in nine HNSCC and breast carcinoma cell lines. Additionally, PHF21B expression levels were evaluated in colon cancer HCT116 cells as well as in its counterpart DKO (double knockout of DNMT1 and DNMT3B). The higher expression levels of PHF21B gene detected in DKO cells were inversely correlated with the DNA methylation. Further, DNA methylation in the specific promoter-associated CpG Island was investigated. Interestingly, gene hypermethylation was detected in 13/37 tumors: 5/13 HNSCC cases had family history of cancer in first-degree relatives and 8/13 showed both, DNA methylation and PHF21B losses in the tumor sample. One patient had PHF21B loss in the peripheral blood cells and PHF21B methylation in the tumor sample. Additionally, overexpression of PHF21B in cell lines drastically reduces clonogenic and migratory abilities. These data suggest that PHF21B is a novel tumor suppressor gene that can be inactivated by genetic and epigenetic mechanisms in the human cancer. (C) 2014 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57887-9 - Instituto Nacional de Oncogenômica
Beneficiário:Luiz Paulo Kowalski
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 09/50262-6 - Caracterização da região 22q13.31 e sua associação com genes SUPRESSO RES de tumor em carcinomas de cabeça e pescoço
Beneficiário:Fernanda Bernardi Bertonha
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/04370-4 - O controle da tradução no sistema nervoso: mecanismos tumorais
Beneficiário:Glaucia Noeli Maroso Hajj
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular