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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

A comparison of temporal turnover of species from benthic cnidarian assemblages in tropical and subtropical harbours

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Autor(es):
Fernandez, Marina O. [1] ; Navarrete, Sergio A. [2, 3] ; Marques, Antonio C. [1, 4]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Estn Costera Invest Marinas, Las Cruces - Chile
[3] Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Ctr Marine Conservat, Santiago - Chile
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Biol Marinha, Sao Sebastiao - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: MARINE BIOLOGY RESEARCH; v. 11, n. 5, p. 492-503, 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

An important component of species diversity which has recently received significant attention is the change in species composition across space, or beta diversity. Temporal turnover of species is an equally important component of species diversity, which can by itself account for diversity patterns, but has received much less attention, especially in marine communities. Indeed, patterns of diversity of marine epifaunal assemblages may be better understood through the study of variability in richness and composition of recruits that colonize and survive long enough to start a population, but before species interactions mask the diversity initially settled. Here we document temporal patterns in richness and composition of recruits of a speciose benthic cnidarian assemblage, contrasting a tropical and a subtropical site to evaluate simple predictions about latitudinal diversity and richness stability. Recruitment variation was quantified during five three-month periods at two harbour areas (Pecem at 3 degrees 32S and Ilhabela at 23 degrees 46S) in Brazil separated by 20 degrees latitude. Results show that: (1) species richness of benthic cnidarian assemblages was higher at the more tropical location, as expected from general patterns in marine species global distribution; (2) contrary to the expectation of a negative association between richness and species turnover, temporal turnover of species was similar at both sites, although more seasonal at the higher latitude site; and (3) species temporal persistence was greater at the subtropical site. Results are discussed in the context of how different environments and different regional richness may influence temporal patterns in species turnover and local richness, and how this may vary across latitudes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/50484-4 - Biodiversity and distribution patterns of the Medusozoa form the South-Western Atlantic
Beneficiário:Antonio Carlos Marques
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/50242-5 - Dimensões da vida marinha: padrões e processos de diversificação em cnidários planctônicos e bentônicos
Beneficiário:Antonio Carlos Marques
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 10/52324-6 - Síntese e lacunas do conhecimento sobre os organismos da zona costeiro-marinha brasileira
Beneficiário:Antonio Carlos Marques
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular