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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Whey and soy protein supplements changes body composition in patients with Crohn's disease undergoing azathioprine and anti-TNF-alpha therapy

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Autor(es):
Machado, Julia Figueiredo [1] ; Oya, Vanessa [1] ; Rodrigues Coy, Claudio Saddy [2] ; Morcillo, Andre Moreno [1] ; Severino, Silvana Dalge [1] ; Wu, Chao [3] ; Sgarbieri, Valdemiro Carlos [4] ; dos Santos Vilela, Maria Marluce [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Fac Med Sci, Dept Pediat, Ctr Invest Pediat, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Med Sci, Coloproctol Unit, Gastroctr, Dept Surg, BR-13083878 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Hilmar Cheese Co, Hilmar, CA - USA
[4] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Food Engn Fac, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: NUTRICION HOSPITALARIA; v. 31, n. 4, p. 1603-1610, APR 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Background: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic transmural inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract of unknown cause. Malnutrition associated with active CD has been reduced although obesity has increased. Dietary strategies such as those with high-protein have been proposed to reduce body fat. This study compares the effects of two supplements on the nutritional status of CD patients. Materials and Methods: 68 CD patients were randomized in two groups: whey protein group (WP) and soy protein group (SP). Using bioimpedance analysis, anthropometry and albumin and pre-albumin dosages the nutritional status was measured before starting the intervention and after 8 and 16 weeks. The disease activity was determined by Crohn's Disease Activity Index and serum C-reactive protein dosage and dietary intake by 24h dietary recalls. Results: Forty-one patients concluded the study and both supplements changed body composition similarly. Triceps skin fold thickness (p<0.001) and body fat percentage (p=0.001) decreased, whereas mid-arm muscle circumference (p=0.004), corrected arm muscle area (p=0.005) and body lean percentage (p=0.001) increased. Conclusions: For Crohn's disease patients undergoing anti TNF-alpha and azatioprine therapies, supplementation with whey and soy proteins changes body composition through reduction of body fat and thus contributes to control inflammation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/04750-9 - Doença de Crohn: efeito de suplemento nutricional sobre o Índice de atividade da Doença (IADC) e estado nutricional de pacientes sob terapia com anti-TNF-alpha e azatioprina.
Beneficiário:Júlia Figueiredo Machado
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 08/53902-3 - Avaliacao do efeito da suplementacao com proteinas do soro de leite bovino enriquecido com tgf-beta sobre o estado nutricional e a funcao de linfocitos em pacientes com doenca de crohn
Beneficiário:Maria Marluce dos Santos Vilela
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular