Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

How do gap dynamics and colonization of a human disturbed area affect genetic diversity and structure of a pioneer tropical tree species?

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Silvestrini, Milene [1] ; McCauley, David E. [2] ; Zucchi, Maria Imaculada [3] ; Maes dos Santos, Flavio Antonio [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Dept Biol Vegetal, IB, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Vanderbilt Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Nashville, TN 37235 - USA
[3] Polo Reg Desenvolvimento Tecnol Ctr Sul, APTA, BR-13400970 Piracicaba - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT; v. 344, p. 38-52, MAY 15 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Pioneer tree species exhibit life-cycle characteristics and population structures that are mainly affected by natural or human disturbances. In primary forests, demographic dynamics of pioneer species may resemble those defined for a metapopulation. In early successional forests, the patterns of establishment, survival and reproduction are mainly determined by microclimate and biota modifications of the site after the human disturbance. The aim of this study was to investigate how the ecological processes and the population genetic factors associated with disturbances can affect the genetic diversity and structure of populations of a pioneer tree species: Croton floribundus Spreng. (Euphorbiaceae). Nuclear and chloroplast microsatellite markers were examined in plants of two size classes sampled in four gaps of primary forest and four sub-areas of early successional forest. Despite presenting similar genetic diversity levels, the genetic diversity was distributed differently between forests. The combined effects of seed dispersal and colonizations (and extinctions) were determinants of the fine-scale genetic structure of C. floribundus. The main finding was that human disturbances seem to boost the influence of founder effects in populations of a species with limited seed dispersal. Results suggested that gene flow by pollen was responsible for maintaining the genetic diversity within populations of C. floribundus in both forests, but in the early successional forest, gene flow by seeds was equally important. We conclude that gap dynamics, colonization, and pollen and seed dispersal affect the genetic diversity and structure of the pioneer species depending mainly on the number of colonizers, the number of source populations, the gene flow rates, and the level of human disturbance. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 07/08681-6 - Diversidade e estrutura genética de uma espécie arbórea pioneira em florestas primárias e secundárias em estádio inicial de sucessão
Beneficiário:Flavio Antonio Maës dos Santos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular