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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Incongruent Nuclear and Mitochondrial Genetic Structure of New World Screwworm Fly Populations Due to Positive Selection of Mutations Associated with Dimethyl- and Diethyl-Organophosphates Resistance

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Autor(es):
Bergamo, Luana Walravens [1, 2] ; Fresia, Pablo [1] ; Azeredo-Espin, Ana Maria L. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, CBMEG, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, IB, DGEB, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 10, n. 6 JUN 1 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

Livestock production is an important economic activity in Brazil, which has been suffering significant losses due to the impact of parasites. The New World screwworm (NWS) fly, Cochliomyia hominivorax, is an ectoparasite and one of the most important myiasis-causing flies endemic to the Americas. The geographic distribution of NWS has been reduced after the implementation of the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT), being eradicated in North America and part of Central America. In South America, C. hominivorax is controlled by chemical insecticides, although indiscriminate use can cause selection of resistant individuals. Previous studies have associated the Gly137Asp and Trp251Leu mutations in the active site of carboxylesterase E3 to resistance of diethyl and dimethyl-organophosphates insecticides, respectively. Here, we have sequenced a fragment of the carboxylesterase E3 gene (ChaE7), comprising part of intron iII, exon eIII, intron iIII and part of exon eIV, and three mitochondrial gene sequences (CR, COI and COII), of NWS flies from 21 locations in South America. These markers were used for population structure analyses and the ChaE7 gene was also investigated to gain insight into the selective pressures that have shaped its evolution. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) and pairwise FST analysis indicated an increased genetic structure between locations in the ChaE7 compared to the concatenated mitochondrial genes. Discriminant analysis of principal components (DAPC) and spatial analysis of molecular variance (SAMOVA) indicated different degrees of genetic structure for all markers, in agreement with the AMOVA results, but with low correlation to geographic data. The NWS fly is considered a panmitic species based on mitochondrial data, while it is structured into three groups considering the ChaE7 gene. A negative association between the two mutations related to organophosphate resistance and Fay \& Wu's H significant negative values for the exons, suggest that these mutations evolved under positive selection. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/11654-9 - Caracterização da resistência a inseticidas na praga da pecuária Cochliomyia hominivorax (mosca-da-bicheira): abordagem molecular e populacional
Beneficiário:Ana Maria Lima de Azeredo-Espin
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/15739-6 - Evolução do gene da esterase E3: avaliação dos efeitos da seleção e distribuição geográfica de mutações associadas à resistência a inseticidas em Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera:Calliphoridae)
Beneficiário:Luana Walravens Bergamo
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado