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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Air quality and human health improvements from reductions in deforestation-related fire in Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Reddington, C. L. [1] ; Butt, E. W. [1] ; Ridley, D. A. [2] ; Artaxo, P. [3] ; Morgan, W. T. [4] ; Coe, H. [4] ; Spracklen, D. V. [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Leeds, Sch Earth & Environm, Leeds LS2 9JT, W Yorkshire - England
[2] MIT, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Cambridge, MA 02143 - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Phys, Dept Appl Phys, BR-05315970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Manchester, Sch Earth Atmospher & Environm Sci, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs - England
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: NATURE GEOSCIENCE; v. 8, n. 10, p. 768+, OCT 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 40
Resumo

Roughly 15% of the Brazilian Amazon was deforested between 1976 and 2010(1). Fire is the dominant method through which forests and vegetation are cleared. Fires emit large quantities of particulate matter into the atmosphere(2), which degrades air quality and affects human health(3,4). Since 2004, Brazil has achieved substantial reductions in deforestation rates(1,5,6) and associated deforestation fires(7). Here we assess the impact of this reduction on air quality and human health during non-drought years between 2001 and 2012. We analyse aerosol optical depth measurements obtained with satellite and ground-based sensors over southwest Brazil and Bolivia for the dry season, from August to October. We find that observed dry season aerosol optical depths are more than a factor of two lower in years with low deforestation rates in Brazil. We used a global aerosol model to show that reductions in fires associated with deforestation have caused mean surface particulate matter concentrations to decline by similar to 30% during the dry season in the region. Using particulate matter concentration response functions from the epidemiological literature, we estimate that this reduction in particulate matter may be preventing roughly 400 to 1,700 premature adult deaths annually across South America. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/05014-0 - GoAmazon: interação da pluma urbana de Manaus com emissões biogênicas da Floresta Amazônica
Beneficiário:Paulo Eduardo Artaxo Netto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 12/14437-9 - Estudo de propriedades físico-químicas de aerossóis de queimadas e forçante radiativa no experimento SAMBBA - the South American Biomass Burning Analysis
Beneficiário:Paulo Eduardo Artaxo Netto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Regular