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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Diversity of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in a Brazilian Atlantic Forest Toposequence

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Autor(es):
Bonfim, Joice Andrade [1] ; Figueiredo Vasconcellos, Rafael Leandro [2] ; Gumiere, Thiago [1] ; Colombo Mescolotti, Denise de Lourdes [1] ; Oehl, Fritz [3, 4] ; Bran Nogueira Cardoso, Elke Jurandy [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Soil Microbiol Lab, Dept Soil Sci, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] EMBRAPA Brazilian Co Res Agr Husb & Environm, BR-13820000 Jaguariuna, SP - Brazil
[3] Agroscope, Fed Res Inst Sustainabil Sci, Plant Soil Interact, CH-8046 Zurich - Switzerland
[4] Univ Fed Pernambuco, Dept Micol, BR-50740600 Recife, PE - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY; v. 71, n. 1, p. 164-177, JAN 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 28
Resumo

The diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) was studied in the Atlantic Forest in Serra do Mar Park (SE Brazil), based on seven host plants in relationship to their soil environment, altitude and seasonality. The studied plots along an elevation gradient are located at 80, 600, and 1,000 m. Soil samples (0-20 cm) were collected in four seasons from SE Brazilian winter 2012 to autumn 2013. AMF spores in rhizosperic soils were morphologically classified and chemical, physical and microbiological soil caracteristics were determined. AMF diversity in roots was evaluated using the NS31/AM1 primer pair, with subsequent cloning and sequencing. In the rhizosphere, 58 AMF species were identified. The genera Acaulospora and Glomus were predominant. However, in the roots, only 14 AMF sequencing groups were found and all had high similarity to Glomeraceae. AMF species identities varied between altitudes and seasons. There were species that contributed the most to this variation. Some soil characteristics (pH, organic matter, microbial activity and microbial biomass carbon) showed a strong relationship with the occurrence of certain species. The highest AMF species diversity, based on Shannon's diversity index, was found for the highest altitude. Seasonality did not affect the diversity. Our results show a high AMF diversity, higher than commonly found in the Atlantic Forest. The AMF detected in roots were not identical to those detected in rhizosperic soil and differences in AMF communities were found in different altitudes even in geographically close-lying sites. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/15262-5 - Fungos micorrízicos arbusculares e endófitos de micélio escuro em áreas de Mata Atlântica em um gradiente altitudinal
Beneficiário:Joice Andrade Bonfim
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado