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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

On the nature of the solvated electron in ice I-h

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Autor(es):
de Koning, Maurice [1] ; Fazzio, Adalberto [2] ; Roque da Silva, Antonio Jose [3] ; Antonelli, Alex [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Fis Gleb Wataghin, BR-13083859 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis, Caixa Postal 66318, BR-05315970 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Lab Nacl Luz Sincrotron, Caixa Postal 6192, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics; v. 18, n. 6, p. 4652-4658, FEB 14 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

The water-solvated excess electron (EE) is a key chemical agent whose hallmark signature, its asymmetric optical absorption spectrum, continues to be a topic of debate. While nearly all investigation has focused on the liquid-water solvent, the fact that the crystalline-water solvated EE shows a very similar visible absorption pattern has remained largely unexplored. Here, we present spin-polarized density-functional theory calculations subject to periodic boundary conditions of the interplay between an EE and a number of intrinsic lattice defects in ice I-h. Our results show that the optical absorption signatures in the presence of three unsaturated hydrogen bonds (HB) are very similar to those observed experimentally. Its low-energy side can be attributed to transitions between the EE ground state and a single localized excited level, in a picture that is different from that for the liquid solvent, where this portion has been associated with hydrogen-like s -> p excitations. The blue tail, on the other hand, relates to transitions between the EE ground state and delocalized excited states, which is in line with the bound-to-continuum transition interpretations for the EE in liquid water. Finally, we find that, depending on the number of dangling HBs participating in the EE trap, its charge density may spontaneously break the spin degeneracy through exchange interactions with the surrounding electrons, displaying the many-electron quantum nature of the EE problem in ice I-h. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/08293-7 - CECC - Centro de Engenharia e Ciências Computacionais
Beneficiário:Munir Salomao Skaf
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs