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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Carbon Monoxide and Nitric Oxide interactions in Magnocellular Neurosecretory Neurones during Water Deprivation

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Reis, W. L. [1, 2] ; Biancardi, V. C. [2] ; Son, S. [2] ; Antunes-Rodrigues, J. [1] ; Stern, J. E. [2]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Physiol, BR-14049 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Georgia Regents Univ, Dept Physiol, Augusta, GA 30912 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Neuroendocrinology; v. 27, n. 2, p. 111-122, FEB 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 10
Resumo

Nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) are diffusible gas messengers in the brain. Previously, we have shown their independent involvement in central fluid/electrolyte homeostasis control. In the present study, we investigated a possible functional interaction between NO/CO in the regulation of vasopressin (VP) and oxytocin (OT) magnocellular neurosecretory cells (MNCs) activity in euhydrated (EU) and dehydrated {[}48-h water-deprived (48WD)] rats. Using brain slices from EU and 48WD rats, we measured, by immunohistochemistry, the expression of neuronal NO synthase (nNOS, which synthesises NO) and haeme-oxygenase (HO-1, which synthesises CO) in the hypothalamic supraoptic nucleus (SON). In addition, we used patch-clamp electrophysiology to investigate whether regulation of SON MNC firing activity by endogenous CO was dependent on NO bioavailability and GABAergic inhibitory synaptic function. We found a proportion of OT and VP SON MNCs in EU rats to co-express both of HO-1 and nNOS (33.2 +/- 2.9% and 15.3 +/- 1.4%, respectively), which was increased in 48WD rats (55.5 +/- 0.9% and 21.0 +/- 1.7%, respectively, P<0.05 for both). Inhibition of endogenous HO activity {[}chromium mesoporphyrin IX chloride (CrMP) 20m] induced MNC membrane hyperpolarisation and decreased firing activity, and these effects were blunted by previous blockade of endogenous NOS activity (l-NAME, 2mm) or blockade of inhibitory GABA function {[}Picrotoxin (Sigma-Aldrich, St Louis, MO, USA), 50m]. No significant changes in SON NO bioavailability (4,5 diaminofluorescein diacetate fluorescence) were observed after CrMP treatment. Taken together, our results support a state-dependent functional inter-relationship between NO and CO in MNCs, in which CO acts as an excitatory gas molecule, whose effects are largely dependent on interactions with the inhibitory SON signals NO and GABA. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/50628-2 - Participação do sistema nitrérgico central na modulação das respostas neuroendócrinas induzidas por alterações de volume e osmolalidade do líquido extracelular: expressão gênica hipotalâmica da ..
Beneficiário:Wagner Luis Reis
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado