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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Local phenotypic variation in amphibian-killing fungus predicts infection dynamics

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Autor(es):
Lambertini, Carolina [1] ; Guilherme Becker, C. [2] ; Jenkinson, Thomas S. [3] ; Rodriguez, David [4] ; Leite, Domingos da Silva [5] ; James, Timothy Y. [3] ; Zamudio, Kelly R. [6] ; Toledo, Luis Felipe [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Anim, Lab Hist Nat Anfibios Brasileiros LaHNAB, BR-13083862 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Zool, BR-13506900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Michigan, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 - USA
[4] Texas State Univ, Dept Biol, San Marcos, TX 78666 - USA
[5] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Genet Evolucao & Bioagentes, BR-13083862 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Cornell Univ, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Ithaca, NY 14850 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Fungal Ecology; v. 20, p. 15-21, APR 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Environmental factors can limit the distribution of organisms if they are not able to respond through phenotypic plasticity or local adaptation. Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) is a broadly distributed pathogen, which shows spatially patterned genotypic and phenotypic variation; however, information on the functional consequences of this variation on disease dynamics in natural hosts is limited. We genotyped and quantified variation in Bd phenotypes across an elevational gradient and quantified host infection dynamics at each site. All Bd strains were members of the global panzootic lineage yet differed in phenotype. We hypothesize that this phenotypic variance results from adaptive processes due to the interaction between pathogen, hosts, and environment. We detected a correlation between zoospore and zoosporangia sizes and a positive association between zoosporangia size and Bd prevalence. Given that Bd phenotype predicted disease status in our wild populations, we developed an index to identify critical environments where the fungus could be more deleterious. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd and The British Mycological Society. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/51694-7 - Into the heart of an epidemic: a US-Brazil collaboration for integrative studies of the amphibian-killing fungus in Brazil
Beneficiário:Luis Felipe de Toledo Ramos Pereira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/04160-0 - Variação fenotípica de Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis como preditora de infecção em anuros da Mata Atlântica
Beneficiário:Carolina Lambertini
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado