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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Phylogenies and traits provide distinct insights about the historical and contemporary assembly of aquatic insect communities

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Autor(es):
Saito, Victor S. [1, 2] ; Cianciaruso, Marcus Vinicius [3] ; Siqueira, Tadeu [4] ; Fonseca-Gessner, Alaide A. [5] ; Pavoine, Sandrine [2, 6]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Programa PosGrad Ecol & Recursos Nat, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Paris 06, Univ Paris 04, MNHN, Ctr Ecol & Sci Conservat CESCO UMR7204, CNRS, CP51, 55-61 Rue Buffon, F-75005 Paris - France
[3] UFG Univ Fed Goias, Dept Ecol, Goias - Brazil
[4] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Ecol, Rio Claro - Brazil
[5] UFSCar Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Hidrobiol, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Oxford, Dept Zool, Math Ecol Res Grp, S Parks Rd, Oxford - England
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION; v. 6, n. 9, p. 2925-2937, MAY 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

The assumption that traits and phylogenies can be used as proxies of species niche has faced criticisms. Evidence suggested that phylogenic relatedness is a weak proxy of trait similarity. Moreover, different processes can select different traits, giving opposing signals in null model analyses. To circumvent these criticisms, we separated traits of stream insects based on the concept of alpha and beta niches, which should give clues about assembling pressures expected to act independently of each other. We investigated the congruence between the phylogenetic structure and trait structure of communities using all available traits and all possible combinations of traits (4095 combinations). To account for hierarchical assembling processes, we analyzed patterns on two spatial scales with three pools of genera. Beta niche traits selected a priori - i.e., traits related to environmental variation (e.g., respiration type) - were consistently clustered on the smaller scale, suggesting environmental filtering, while a niche traits i. e., traits related to resource use (e.g., trophic position) - did not display the expected overdispersion, suggesting a weak role of competition. Using all traits together provided random patterns and the analysis of all possible combinations of traits provided scenarios ranging from strong clustering to overdispersion. Communities were phylogenetically overdispersed, a pattern previously interpreted as phylogenetic limiting similarity. However, our results likely reflect the co-occurrence of ancient clades due to the stability of stream habitats along the evolutionary scale. We advise ecologists to avoid using combinations of all available traits but rather carefully traits based on the objective under consideration. Both trait and phylogenetic approaches should be kept in the ecologist toolbox, but phylogenetic distances should not be used as proxies of traits differences. Although the phylogenetic structure revealed processes operating at the evolutionary scale, only specific traits explained local processes operating in our communities. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/24532-4 - Desvendando os processos de montagem de comunidades: a interação entre predação e competição
Beneficiário:Victor Satoru Saito
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/50424-1 - Scaling biodiversity in tropical and boreal streams: implications for diversity mapping and environmental assessment (ScaleBio)
Beneficiário:Tadeu de Siqueira Barros
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/20540-0 - Processos em metacomunidades: fatores ecológicos, evolutivos e espaciais estruturando as comunidades de macroinvertebrados aquáticos
Beneficiário:Victor Satoru Saito
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado