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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Topical Prostaglandin E Analog Restores Defective Dendritic Cell-Mediated Th17 Host Defense Against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus in the Skin of Diabetic Mice

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Autor(es):
Dejani, Naiara N. ; Brandt, Stephanie L. ; Pineros, Annie ; Glosson-Byers, Nicole L. ; Wang, Sue ; Son, Young Min ; Medeiros, Alexandra I. ; Serezani, C. Henrique
Número total de Autores: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Diabetes; v. 65, n. 12, p. 3718-3729, DEC 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 8
Resumo

People with diabetes are more prone to Staphylococcus aureus skin infection than healthy individuals. Control of S. aureus infection depends on dendritic cell (DC)-induced T-helper 17 (Th17)-mediated neutrophil recruitment and bacterial clearance. DC ingestion of infected apoptotic cells (IACs) drive prostaglandin E-2 (PGE(2)) secretion to generate Th17 cells. We speculated that hyperglycemia inhibits skin DC migration to the lymph nodes and impairs the Th17 differentiation that accounts for poor skin host defense in diabetic mice. Diabetic mice showed increased skin lesion size and bacterial load and decreased PGE2 secretion and Th17 cells compared with nondiabetic mice after methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infection. Bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs) cultured in high glucose (25 mmol/L) exhibited decreased Ptges mRNA expression, PGE2 production, lower CCR7-dependent DC migration, and diminished maturation after recognition of MRSA-IACs than BMDCs cultured in low glucose (5 mmol/L). Similar events were observed in DCs from diabetic mice infected with MRSA. Topical treatment of diabetic mice with the PGE analog misoprostol improved host defense against MRSA skin infection by restoring DC migration to draining lymph nodes, Th17 differentiation, and increased antimicrobial peptide expression. These findings identify a novel mechanism involved in poor skin host defense in diabetes and propose a targeted strategy to restore skin host defense in diabetes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/17611-7 - Efeito da fagocitose de células apoptóticas por células dendríticas na diferenciação de células Th17: função de PGE2
Beneficiário:Alexandra Ivo de Medeiros
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 14/17374-3 - Estudo da função do eixo PGE/EP4/PTEN na diferenciação de células Th17 durante a fagocitose de células apoptóticas infectadas
Beneficiário:Naiara Naiana Dejani
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/23580-0 - Diferenciação de células Th17 durante a fagocitose de células apoptóticas infectadas: determinação das vias de sinalização intracelular via PGE2 e receptores EP
Beneficiário:Naiara Naiana Dejani
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado