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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Zinc concentration affects the functional groups of microbial communities in sugarcane-cultivated soil

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Autor(es):
Navarrete, Acacio A. ; Mellis, Estevao V. ; Escalas, Arthur ; Lemos, Leandro N. ; Lavres Junior, Jose ; Quaggio, Jose Antonio ; Zhou, Jizhong ; Tsai, Siu M.
Número total de Autores: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS & ENVIRONMENT; v. 236, p. 187-197, JAN 2 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

The addition of zinc (Zn) to the soil has significant gains in sugarcane productivity. The understanding of the consequences of zinc application requires insight into ecological aspects of changes in soil microbial communities. Here, we evaluated the effects of zinc application on richness, diversity, evenness and structure of microbial functional genes in sugarcane-cultivated soil, and response thresholds of abundance for groups of microbial functional genes on different zinc concentrations added to the soil (0, 5,10 and 20 kg Zn ha(-1)) in two sugarcane fields in the Northeastern sac. Paulo state, Brazil. Using a high density functional gene array termed GeoChip 5.0, which contains 101,796 distinct probes belonging to gene categories involved in zinc transport, secondary metabolism, stress, virulence and nutrient cycling, differences were observed in the functional gene structure of microbial communities and abundance of specific gene families with a threshold between 5 and 10 kg Zn ha(-1). However, the richness, diversity and evenness of functional genes did not differ across the zinc gradients in soil. Cluster analysis based on microbial functional subcategories revealed variation in abundances across the gradient of zinc concentrations in soil mainly for virulence, stress, secondary metabolism, and carbon- and phosphorus-cycling-related gene families. A threshold in abundance was observed between 5 and 10 kg Zn ha(-1) with high abundance of microbial gene families associated with zinc transporter proteins, antioxidant enzymes, exoenzymes associated with infection, secretion proteins, virulence regulatory genes, carbon fixation, and phosphorus utilization in soils supplemented with up to 5 kg Zn ha(-1). In these same soils, reduced abundance was observed for gene families associated with methanogenesis, metabolism of halogen and carotenoid, and antiphagocytosis compared with soil supplements with 10 or 20 kg Zn ha(-1). The results suggest that changes in microbial functional gene structure and abundance could be used to evaluate the impact of soil management practices on soil microbial communities in sugarcane production fields. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/51749-6 - Bioindicadores funcionais para monitoramento da qualidade do solo para o manejo sustentável da produção de biomassa em cana-de-açúcar (BIOSQ)
Beneficiário:Tsai Siu Mui
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 15/09436-1 - Aplicação de geochip para prospecção de genes funcionais microbianos com potencial para atuar como bioindicadores de distúrbios em solos cultivados com cana-de-açúcar sob aplicação de zinco
Beneficiário:Acacio Aparecido Navarrete
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/13321-7 - Bio-indicadores microbianos taxonômicos e funcionais em solos sob sistemas de produção de cana-de-açúcar
Beneficiário:Acacio Aparecido Navarrete
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado