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On the Effects of Gaps and Uses of Approximation Functions on the Time-Scale Signal Analysis: A Case Study Based on Space Geophysical Events

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Magrini, Luciano A. ; Domingues, Margarete O. ; Mendes, Odim
Número total de Autores: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Brazilian Journal of Physics; v. 47, n. 2, p. 167-181, APR 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 1

The presence of gaps is quite common in signals related to space science phenomena. Usually, this presence prevents the direct use of standard time-scale analysis because this analysis needs equally spaced data; it is affected by the time series borders (boundaries), and gaps can cause an increase of internal borders. Numerical approximations can be used to estimate the records whose entries are gaps. However, their use has limitations. In many practical cases, these approximations cannot faithfully reproduce the original signal behaviour. Alternatively, in this work, we compare an adapted wavelet technique (gaped wavelet transform), based on the continuous wavelet transform with Morlet wavelet analysing function, with two other standard approximation methods, namely, spline and Hermite cubic polynomials. This wavelet method does not require an approximation of the data on the gap positions, but it adapts the analysing wavelet function to deal with the gaps. To perform our comparisons, we use 120 magnetic field time series from a well-known space geophysical phenomena and we select and classify their gaps. Then, we analyse the influence of these methods in two time-scale tools. As conclusions, we observe that when the gaps are small (very few points sequentially missing), all the methods work well. However, with large gaps, the adapted wavelet method presents a better performance in the time-scale representation. Nevertheless, the cubic Hermite polynomial approximation is also an option when a reconstruction of the data is also needed, with the price of having a worse time-scale representation than the adapted wavelet method. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/25624-2 - Desenvolvimento de modelagem multiescala para instabilidades locais não-lineares em Astrofísica e Geofísica Espacial
Beneficiário:Margarete Oliveira Domingues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular