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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Natural Persulfate Activation for Anthracene Remediation in Tropical Environments

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Autor(es):
Ferreira, Ieda D. ; Prieto, Tatiana ; Freitas, Juliana G. ; Thomson, Neil R. ; Nantes, Iseli L. ; Bechara, Etelvino J. H.
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION; v. 228, n. 4 APR 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 8
Resumo

In situ chemical oxidation using persulfate is one alternative to remediate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-contaminated soil; however, oxidation can lead to the formation of toxic and persistent by-products, and treatment efficiency can be dependent on environmental conditions. Temperature and soil matrix properties can dictate reaction rates and pathways, promoting oxidant activation or scavenging the free radicals generated. This research investigated the ability of persulfate to degrade anthracene in tropical environmental conditions. Batch tests were conducted for various persulfate systems (naturally and chelated-iron-activated), with an Oxisol contaminated with anthracene. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) was used to identify free radicals formed. Naturally activated persulfate degraded more than 96% of the anthracene and its byproduct anthraquinone after 90 days, considered more toxic and persistent, while the chelated-iron-activated persulfate system used was able to remove 70% of the anthracene. EPR measurements showed the coexistence of SO4 center dot- and (OH)-O-center dot radicals. Sulfate radicals were formed by thermal activation at ambient temperatures (mean of 23.7 degrees C), and (OH)-O-center dot was formed by propagation reactions and hydrolysis in acidic conditions that lead to peroxide formation. In the naturally activated system, anthracene degradation was observed and SO4 center dot- radicals were abundant, indicating that this treatment system can be effective in a typical tropical soil environment. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/12158-2 - Remediação de solos e águas subterrâneas contaminadas por NAPLs utilizando oxidação química
Beneficiário:Juliana Gardenalli de Freitas
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 06/56530-4 - Estresse redox e carbonílico associado a alfa-aminocetonas e beta-cetoácidos endógenos: mecanismos e biomarcadores
Beneficiário:Etelvino José Henriques Bechara
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático