Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Polydim-I antimicrobial activity against MDR bacteria and its model membrane interaction

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Rangel, Marisa ; dos Santos Castro, Fabiola Fernandes ; Mota-Lima, Lilian Daiene ; Clissa, Patricia Bianca ; Martins, Danubia Batista ; dos Santos Cabrera, Marcia Perez ; Mortari, Marcia Renata
Número total de Autores: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 12, n. 6 JUN 1 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The rapid spread of multi-drug resistant pathogens represents a serious threat to public health, considering factors such as high mortality rates, treatment restrictions and high prevalence of multi-drug resistant bacteria in the hospital environment. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) may exhibit powerful antimicrobial activity against different and diverse microorganisms, also presenting the advantage of absence or low toxicity towards animal cells. In this study, the evaluation of the antimicrobial activity against multi-drug resistant bacteria of a recently described AMP from wasp, Polydim-I, was performed. Polydim-I presented activity against standard strains (non-carriers of multi-resistant genes) that are susceptible to commercial antimicrobials, and also against multi-drug resistant strains at concentrations bellow 1 mu g/ml (0.41 mu M). This is a rather low concentration among those reported for AMPs. At this concentration we found out that Polydim-I inhibits almost 100% of the tested pathogens growth, while with the ATCC strains the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC100) is 400 times higher. Also, in relation to in vitro activity of conventional drugs against multi-drug resistant bacteria strains, Polydim-I is almost 10 times more efficient and with broader spectrum. Cationic AMPs are known as multi-target compounds and specially for targeting the phospholipid matrix of bacterial membranes. Exploring the interactions of Polydim-I with lipid bilayers, we have confirmed that this interaction is involved in the mechanism of action. Circular dichroism experiments showed that Polydim-I undergoes a conformational transition from random coil to a mostly helical conformation in the presence of membrane mimetic environments. Zeta potential measurements confirmed the binding and partial charge neutralization of anionic asolectin vesicles, and also suggested a possible aggregation of peptide molecules. FTIR experiments confirmed that some peptide aggregation occurs, which is minimized in the presence of strongly anionic micelles of sodium dodecyl sulfate. Also, Polydim-I induced channel-like structures formation to asolectin lipid bilayers, as demonstrated in the electrophysiology experiments. We suggest that cationic Polydim-I targets the membrane lipids due to electrostatic attraction, partially accumulates, neutralizing the opposite charges and induces pore formation. Similar mechanism of action has already been suggested for other peptides from wasp venoms, especially mastoparans. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/00173-4 - Prospecção de peptídeos naturais antimicrobianos formadores de poros em membranas celulares e bicamadas lipídicas artificiais
Beneficiário:Marisa Rangel
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/08372-7 - Moléculas conjugadas peptídeo/quitosana com potencial farmacológico: síntese, prospecção de atividade em sistemas miméticos de membrana e avaliações em células
Beneficiário:Marcia Perez dos Santos Cabrera
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 12/24259-0 - Moléculas conjugadas peptídeo/quitosana com potencial farmacológico: síntese, prospecção de atividade em sistemas miméticos de membrana e avaliações em células
Beneficiário:Marcia Perez dos Santos Cabrera
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores