Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Global Kalman filter approaches to estimate absolute angles of lower limb segments

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Nogueira, Samuel L. ; Lambrecht, Stefan ; Inoue, Roberto S. ; Bortole, Magdo ; Montagnoli, Arlindo N. ; Moreno, Juan C. ; Rocon, Eduardo ; Terra, Marco H. ; Siqueira, Adriano A. G. ; Pons, Jose L.
Número total de Autores: 10
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING ONLINE; v. 16, MAY 16 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Background: In this paper we propose the use of global Kalman filters (KFs) to estimate absolute angles of lower limb segments. Standard approaches adopt KFs to improve the performance of inertial sensors based on individual link configurations. In consequence, for a multi-body system like a lower limb exoskeleton, the inertial measurements of one link (e.g., the shank) are not taken into account in other link angle estimations (e.g., foot). Global KF approaches, on the other hand, correlate the collective contribution of all signals from lower limb segments observed in the state-space model through the filtering process. We present a novel global KF (matricial global KF) relying only on inertial sensor data, and validate both this KF and a previously presented global KF (Markov Jump Linear Systems, MJLS-based KF), which fuses data from inertial sensors and encoders from an exoskeleton. We furthermore compare both methods to the commonly used local KF. Results: The results indicate that the global KFs performed significantly better than the local KF, with an average root mean square error (RMSE) of respectively 0.942 degrees for the MJLS-based KF, 1.167 degrees for the matrical global KF, and 1.202 degrees for the local KFs. Including the data from the exoskeleton encoders also resulted in a significant increase in performance. Conclusion: The results indicate that the current practice of using KFs based on local models is suboptimal. Both the presented KF based on inertial sensor data, as well our previously presented global approach fusing inertial sensor data with data from exoskeleton encoders, were superior to local KFs. We therefore recommend to use global KFs for gait analysis and exoskeleton control. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/05552-9 - Sistema Robusto de Estimativa de Posicionamentos Angulares Absolutos e Forças de Interação para Exoesqueletos de Membros Inferiores
Beneficiário:Samuel Lourenço Nogueira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado