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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Lipoxin A(4) encapsulated in PLGA microparticles accelerates wound healing of skin ulcers

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Autor(es):
Reis, Mouzarllem Barros ; Tartari Pereira, Priscilla Aparecida ; Caetano, Guilherme Ferreira ; Leite, Marcel Nani ; Galvao, Alyne Favero ; Garcia Paula-Silva, Francisco Wanderley ; Cipriani Frade, Marco Andrey ; Faccioli, Lucia Helena
Número total de Autores: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 12, n. 7 JUL 28 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 10
Resumo

Lipoxin A(4) (LXA(4)) is involved in the resolution of inflammation and wound healing; however, it is extremely unstable. Thus, to preserve its biological activities and confer stability, we encapsulated LXA(4) in poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) microparticles (LXA(4)-MS) and assessed its application in treating dorsal rat skin lesions. Ulcers were sealed with fibrin adhesive and treated with either LXA(4)-MS, unloaded microparticles (Un-MS), soluble LXA(4), or PBS/glue (vehicle). All groups were compared at 0, 2, 7, and 14 days post-lesions. Our results revealed that LXA(4)-MS accelerated wound healing from day 7 and reduced initial ulcer diameters by 80%. Soluble LXA(4), Un-MS, or PBS closed wounds by 60%, 45%, and 39%, respectively. LXA(4)-MS reduced IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha, but increased TGF-beta, collagen deposition, and the number of blood vessels. Compared to other treatments, LXA(4)-MS reduced inflammatory cell numbers, myeloperoxidase (MPO) concentration, and metalloproteinase- 8 (MMP8) mRNA in scar tissue, indicating decreased neutrophil chemotaxis. In addition, LXA(4)-MS treatment increased macrophages and IL-4, suggesting a positive impact on wound healing. Finally, we demonstrated that WRW4, a selective LXA(4) receptor (ALX) antagonist, reversed healing by 50%, indicating that LXA(4) must interact with ALX to induce wound healing. Our results show that LXA(4)-MS could be used as a pharmaceutical formulation for the treatment of skin ulcers. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/07125-6 - Novos aspectos funcionais dos eicosanóides
Beneficiário:Lúcia Helena Faccioli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático