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Effects of Wolbachia on ovarian apoptosis in Culex quinquefasciatus (Say, 1823) during the previtellogenic and vitellogenic periods

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Autor(es):
Almeida, Fabio ; Suesdek, Lincoln
Número total de Autores: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PARASITES & VECTORS; v. 10, AUG 25 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Background: Apoptosis is programmed cell death that ordinarily occurs in ovarian follicular cells in various organisms. In the best-studied holometabolous insect, Drosophila, this kind of cell death occurs in all three cell types found in the follicles, sometimes leading to follicular atresia and egg degeneration. On the other hand, egg development, quantity and viability in the mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus are disturbed by the infection with the endosymbiont Wolbachia. Considering that Wolbachia alters reproductive traits, we hypothesised that such infection would also alter the apoptosis in the ovarian cells of this mosquito. The goal of this study was to comparatively describe the occurrence of apoptosis in Wolbachia-infected and uninfected ovaries of Cx. quinquefasciatus during oogenesis and vitellogenesis. For this, we recorded under confocal microscopy the occurrence of apoptosis in all three cell types of the ovarian follicle. In the first five days of adult life we observed oogenesis and, after a blood meal, the initiation step of vitellogenesis. Results: Apoptoses in follicular cells were found at all observation times during both oogenesis and vitellogenesis, and less commonly in nurse cells and the oocyte, as well as in atretic follicles. Our results suggested that apoptosis in follicular cells occurred in greater numbers in infected mosquitoes than in uninfected ones during the second and third days of adult life and at the initiation step of vitellogenesis. Conclusions: The presence of Wolbachia leads to an increase of apoptosis occurrence in the ovaries of Cx. quinquefasciatus. Future studies should investigate if this augmented apoptosis frequency is the cause of the reduction in the number of eggs laid by Wolbachia-infected females. Follicular atresia is first reported in the previtellogenic period of oogenesis. Our findings may have implications for the use of Wolbachia as a mosquito and pathogens control strategy. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/27172-9 - Investigação da funcionalidade de genes de mosquitos vetores de patógenos
Beneficiário:Lincoln Suesdek Rocha
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/17717-2 - Perfil quantitativo e temporal de atresia folicular em Culex quinquefasciatus sob influência de Wolbachia
Beneficiário:Fábio de Almeida
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado