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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

An RS-GIS-Based Comprehensive Impact Assessment of Floods-A Case Study in Madeira River, Western Brazilian Amazon

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Santos, Leonardo B. L. ; Carvalho, Tiago ; Anderson, Liana O. ; Rudorff, Conrado M. ; Marchezini, Victor ; Londe, Luciana R. ; Saito, Silvia M.
Número total de Autores: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters; v. 14, n. 9, p. 1614-1617, SEP 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 2

Geographical information systems-based methods can be handled as powerful tools in assessing and quantifying impacts and, thus, supporting strategies for disaster risk reduction (DRR). This is particularly relevant on scenarios of global climate change and intensified increased human interventions on riverine systems. The Madeira River in Porto Velho city (Brazilian Amazon) is a good example of susceptible area to both of these factors. We take advantage of the 2014 flood, the largest recorded for this region, for combining remote sensing and geographic information system with socio, health, and infrastructure data to quantify spatially the flood impacts. Using high resolution airborne images, we applied a machine learning classification algorithm for detecting urban areas. Our results show that at the flood extent related to the highest river level at least 0.65 km(2) of urban area, 87 km of urban streets, four public schools, and two public health units were affected. More than 16 800 people suffered the impacts directly, and children represented 29.7% of them. Based on registered data, it was quantified that the city registered more than 20 cases of leptospirosis and the truck flow on the region decreased up to 92%. The spatially-explicit results of this letter are potential to guide strategies aiming to support decision-making for DRR. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/50122-0 - Fenômenos dinâmicos em redes complexas: fundamentos e aplicações
Beneficiário:Elbert Einstein Nehrer Macau
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático