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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Solid oxide fuel cells fed with dry ethanol: The effect of a perovskite protective anodic layer containing dispersed Ni-alloy @ FeOx core-shell nanoparticles

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Autor(es):
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Lo Faro, M. [1] ; Reis, R. M. [2] ; Saglietti, G. G. A. [3] ; Oliveira, V. L. [3] ; Zignani, S. C. [1] ; Trocino, S. [1] ; Maisano, S. [1] ; Ticianelli, E. A. [3] ; Hodnik, N. [4] ; Ruiz-Zepeda, F. [4] ; Arico, A. S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 11
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] CNR, Italian Natl Res Council, Inst Adv Energy Technol Nicola Giordano ITAE, Via Salita S Lucia Sopra Contesse 5, I-98126 Messina - Italy
[2] UTFPR, Dept Engn Quim, Ave Monteiro Lobato S-N, Km 04, BR-84016210 Ponta Grossa - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, Ave Trab Sao Carlense 400, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Natl Inst Chem, Ljubljana - Slovenia
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL; v. 220, p. 98-110, JAN 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 14
Resumo

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) based on conventional nickel-yttria stabilised zirconia (Ni-YSZ) anodes can not be fed directly with organic fuels because of the associated formation of carbon deposits. This work explores a simple approach to solve such relevant limiting factor that affects the direct utilization of conventional dry hydrocarbons in SOFCs. The approach consists in depositing a composite multifunctional electrocatalyst layer on the SOFC anode to work as an internal integrated fuel processor. This study investigates the direct oxidation of dry ethanol in the modified SOFC and provides an evaluation of cell performance. A protective layer based on a composite made of Ni-modified perovskite and gadolinia-doped ceria is coated on a conventional SOFC anode based on Ni-YSZ. Besides the oxygen storage properties of ceria, the composite electrocatalyst is characterized by the presence of dispersed Ni-alloy @ FeOx core-shell nanoparticles in the outer layers and surface basicity properties. Efficient dehydrogenation of ethanol, carbon deposition-free cracking reactions and internal reforming assisted by a H-2/H2O ``shuttle mechanism{''} appear as the key steps involved in the direct oxidation of the organic fuel at the modified SOFC anode. The best performance achieved for the dry ethanol-fed SOFC is about 0.65 W cm(-2) at 0.6V and 800 degrees C. No carbon deposition is observed both on the Ni-YSZ supporting layer and protective Ni-doped perovskite layer after a durability test of more than 100 h. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/04100-2 - Desenvolvimento e aplicação de catalisadores Ni-M (m = Cu, Fe ou Mo) para confecção de ânodos de células a combustível do tipo SOFC alimentadas com etanol
Beneficiário:Rafael Machado Reis
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/16930-7 - Eletrocatálise V: processos eletrocatalíticos de interconversão entre as energias química e elétrica
Beneficiário:Edson Antonio Ticianelli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático