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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Solid oxide fuel cells fed with dry ethanol: The effect of a perovskite protective anodic layer containing dispersed Ni-alloy @ FeOx core-shell nanoparticles

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Author(s):
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Lo Faro, M. [1] ; Reis, R. M. [2] ; Saglietti, G. G. A. [3] ; Oliveira, V. L. [3] ; Zignani, S. C. [1] ; Trocino, S. [1] ; Maisano, S. [1] ; Ticianelli, E. A. [3] ; Hodnik, N. [4] ; Ruiz-Zepeda, F. [4] ; Arico, A. S. [1]
Total Authors: 11
Affiliation:
[1] CNR, Italian Natl Res Council, Inst Adv Energy Technol Nicola Giordano ITAE, Via Salita S Lucia Sopra Contesse 5, I-98126 Messina - Italy
[2] UTFPR, Dept Engn Quim, Ave Monteiro Lobato S-N, Km 04, BR-84016210 Ponta Grossa - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, Ave Trab Sao Carlense 400, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Natl Inst Chem, Ljubljana - Slovenia
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL; v. 220, p. 98-110, JAN 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 16
Abstract

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) based on conventional nickel-yttria stabilised zirconia (Ni-YSZ) anodes can not be fed directly with organic fuels because of the associated formation of carbon deposits. This work explores a simple approach to solve such relevant limiting factor that affects the direct utilization of conventional dry hydrocarbons in SOFCs. The approach consists in depositing a composite multifunctional electrocatalyst layer on the SOFC anode to work as an internal integrated fuel processor. This study investigates the direct oxidation of dry ethanol in the modified SOFC and provides an evaluation of cell performance. A protective layer based on a composite made of Ni-modified perovskite and gadolinia-doped ceria is coated on a conventional SOFC anode based on Ni-YSZ. Besides the oxygen storage properties of ceria, the composite electrocatalyst is characterized by the presence of dispersed Ni-alloy @ FeOx core-shell nanoparticles in the outer layers and surface basicity properties. Efficient dehydrogenation of ethanol, carbon deposition-free cracking reactions and internal reforming assisted by a H-2/H2O ``shuttle mechanism{''} appear as the key steps involved in the direct oxidation of the organic fuel at the modified SOFC anode. The best performance achieved for the dry ethanol-fed SOFC is about 0.65 W cm(-2) at 0.6V and 800 degrees C. No carbon deposition is observed both on the Ni-YSZ supporting layer and protective Ni-doped perovskite layer after a durability test of more than 100 h. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/04100-2 - Development and application of Ni-M catalysts (m = Cu, Fe or Mo) for the manufacture of SOFC fuel cells with anodes fed with ethanol
Grantee:Rafael Machado Reis
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/16930-7 - Electrocatalysis V: electrocatalytic processes of chemical and electrical energy interconversion
Grantee:Edson Antonio Ticianelli
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants