Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Neuromuscular paralysis by the basic phospholipase A(2) subunit of crotoxin from Crotalus durissus terrificus snake venom needs its acid chaperone to concurrently inhibit acetylcholine release and produce muscle blockage

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Cavalcante, Walter L. G. [1, 2, 3] ; Noronha-Matos, Jose B. [3, 4] ; Timoteo, Maria A. [3, 4] ; Fontes, Marcos R. M. [1] ; Gallacci, Marcia [5] ; Correia-de-Sa, Paulo [3, 4]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Fis & Biofis, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Inst Ciencias Biol, Dept Farmacol, Av Antonio Carlos, BR-6627 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[3] ICBAS UP, Lab Farmacol & Neurobiol, R Jorge Viterbo Ferreira 228, P-4050313 Oporto - Portugal
[4] ICBAS UP, Ctr Drug Discovery & Innovat Med MedInUP, R Jorge Viterbo Ferreira 228, P-4050313 Oporto - Portugal
[5] UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Farmacol, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology; v. 334, p. 8-17, NOV 1 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

Background and purpose: Crotoxin (CTX), a heterodimeric phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) neurotoxin from Crotalus durissus terrificus snake venom, promotes irreversible blockade of neuromuscular transmission. Indirect electrophysiological evidence suggests that CTX exerts a primary inhibitory action on transmitter exocytosis, yet contribution of a postsynaptic action of the toxin resulting from nicotinic receptor desensitization cannot be excluded. Here, we examined the blocking effect of CTX on nerve-evoked transmitter release measured directly using radioisotope neurochemistry and video microscopy with the FM4-64 fluorescent dye. Experimental approach: Experiments were conducted using mice phrenic-diaphragm preparations. Real-time fluorescence video microscopy and liquid scintillation spectrometry techniques were used to detect transmitter exocytosis and nerve-evoked {[}H-3] -acetylcholine ({[}H-3]ACh) release, respectively. Nerve-evoked myographic recordings were also carried out for comparison purposes. Key results: Both CTX (5 mu g/mL) and its basic PLA(2) subunit (CB, 20 mu g/mL) had biphasic effects on nerve-evoked transmitter exocytosis characterized by a transient initial facilitation followed by a sustained decay. CTX and CB reduced nerve-evoked {[}H-3]ACh release by 60% and 69%, respectively, but only the heterodimer, CTX, decreased the amplitude of nerve-evoked muscle twitches. Conclusion and implications: Data show that CTX exerts a presynaptic inhibitory action on ACh release that is highly dependent on its intrinsic PLA(2) activity. Given the high safety margin of the neuromuscular transmission, one may argue that the presynaptic block caused by the toxin is not enough to produce muscle paralysis unless a concurrent postsynaptic inhibitory action is also exerted by the CTX heterodimer. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/03624-5 - Caracterização funcional da crotoxina e de sua subunidade básica na junção neuromuscular: estudos radioquímicos e de vídeo-microscopia em tempo real
Beneficiário:Walter Luís Garrido Cavalcante
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/17864-8 - Estudos estruturais de fosfolipases A2 neurotóxicas
Beneficiário:Carlos Alexandre Henrique Fernandes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/00428-8 - Caracterização estrutural e funcional da crotoxina e de sua subunidade básica na junção neuromuscular e influência de agentes neutralizadores
Beneficiário:Walter Luís Garrido Cavalcante
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado