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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Social disorganization and homicide mortality rate trajectories in Brazil between 1991 and 2010

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Autor(es):
Tourinho Peres, Maria Fernanda [1] ; Nivette, Amy [2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Med Sch, Prevent Med Dept, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Utrecht, Dept Sociol, Utrecht - Netherlands
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SOCIAL SCIENCE & MEDICINE; v. 190, p. 92-100, OCT 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Since the 1990s, researchers have noted declining trends in crime and violence, particularly homicide, in Western countries. Studies have explored national and sub-national trends using latent trajectory analysis techniques and identified several factors associated with declining and/or increasing trajectories. Social disorganization (SD) has been consistently linked to increases in homicide rates over time, explaining at least some of the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of homicide. Similar studies have not yet been carried out in Latin America's cities. In this paper we use Group Based Trajectory models to study homicide mortality rate {[}HMR] trajectories in Brazilian municipalities between 1991 and 2010. Then, through binary and multinomial logistic regression we investigated the association between SD in 1991, and the likelihood of an increasing HMR trajectory. We carried out an ecological time series study using all Brazilian municipalities in the period between 1991 and 2010 (n = 4491). Data on homicide deaths were collected from the Mortality Information System of the Ministry of Health and standardized by age to calculate HMR per 100,000 population. Socioeconomic and demographic data for 1991 were used to compose the composite measure of SD. Our results highlight the spatial and temporal heterogeneity of homicide mortality in Brazilian municipalities. While national trends are steadily increasing, disaggregating municipal trajectories shows that this is driven by a small proportion of municipalities in the country. We found that SD is associated with an ascending homicide trajectory. This result generally supports the notion that poor social structural conditions can create `space' for criminal behavior and groups and, consequently, violent death. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/16142-4 - Violência, saúde e prevenção: contribuições da criminologia para o estudo dos homicídios no Brasil e para o delineamento de novas investigações com vistas à identificação de fatores de risco para violência interpessoal entre crianças e adolescentes
Beneficiário:Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa