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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Antimicrobial activity of leucine-substituted decoralin analogs with lower hemolytic activity

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Autor(es):
Torres, Marcelo Der Torossian [1] ; Pedron, Cibele Nicolaski [1] ; da Silva Lima, Julia Aparecida [1] ; da Silva Junior, Pedro Ismael [2] ; da Silvaa, Fernanda Dias [1] ; Oliveira Junior, Vani Xavier [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed ABC, Ctr Ciencias Nat & Humanas, Rua Santa Adelia 166, BR-09210170 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Butantan, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF PEPTIDE SCIENCE; v. 23, n. 11, p. 818-823, NOV 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Linear cationic a-helical antimicrobial peptides are promising chemotherapeutics. Most of them act by different mechanisms, making it difficult to microorganisms acquiring resistance. Decoralin is an example of antimicrobial peptide; it was described by Konno et al. and presented activity against microorganisms, but with pronounced hemolytic activity. We synthesized leucine-substituted decoralin analogs designed based on important physicochemical properties, which depend on the maintenance of the amphiphilic alpha-helical tendency of the native molecule. Peptides were synthesized, purified, and characterized, and the conformational studies were performed. The results indicated that the analogs presented both higher therapeutic indexes, but with antagonistic behavior. While {[}Leu](10)-Dec-NH2 analog showed similar activity against different microorganisms (c.a. 0.4-0.8 mu mol L-1), helical structuration, and some hemolytic activity, {[}Leu](8)-Dec-NH2 analog did not tend to helical structure and presented antimicrobial activities two orders higher than the other two peptides analyzed. On the other hand, this analog showed to be the less hemolytic (MHC value = 50.0 mu mol L-1). This approach provided insight for understanding the effects of the leucine substitution in the amphiphilic balance. They led to changes on the conformational tendency, which showed to be important for the mechanism of action and affecting antimicrobial and hemolytic activities. Copyright (C) 2017 European Peptide Society and John Wiley \& Sons, Ltd. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/04507-5 - Aplicações biológicas de novos peptídeos antimicrobianos
Beneficiário:Marcelo Der Torossian Torres
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/12938-6 - Peptídeos biologicamente ativos em micro-organismos patogênicos
Beneficiário:Vani Xavier de Oliveira Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/12338-6 - Relação entre estrutura e atividade da microplusina, um peptídeo quelante de cobre e ferro com atividade antimicrobiana
Beneficiário:Fernanda Dias da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular