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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and antibacterial activity of poly(vinyl alcohol)-coated silver nanoparticles and farnesol as irrigating solutions

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Chavez-Andrade, Gisselle M. [1] ; Tanomaru-Filho, Mario [1] ; Rodrigues, Elisandra M. [1] ; Gomes-Cornelio, Ana Livia [1] ; Faria, Gisele [1] ; Bernardi, Maria Ines B. [2] ; Guerreiro-Tanomaru, Juliane M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Dent, Dept Restorat Dent, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Phys, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ARCHIVES OF ORAL BIOLOGY; v. 84, p. 89-93, DEC 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Objective: To evaluate the cytotoxicity, genotoxicity and antibacterial activity of poly(vinyl alcohol)-coated silver nanoparticles (AgNPs-PVA) and farnesol (FAR). Design: The cytotoxicity (% of cell viability) was evaluated by MTT assay and the genotoxicity (% of DNA in the tail) was evaluated by Comet assay. Root canal disinfection with different irrigating protocols was evaluated ex vivo in human teeth contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis for 21 days. Three microbiological samples were collected: initial (after contamination); post-irrigation (after irrigation); and final (after 7 days). After each sample, the number of log 10 CFU mL(-1) was determined. Statistical analyses was performed using two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni post-hoc tests for MTT assay, Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn post-hoc tests for Cometa and antibacterial assays (alpha = 0.05). Results: The MTT assay showed that AgNPs and FAR were less cytotoxic that sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and showed a lower% of DNA in the tail, in comparison with H2O2 (positive control - C +). In the post-irrigation microbiological sample, all the irrigating protocols were more effective than C+ (without irrigation). NaOCl/saline, NaOCl/saline/AgNPs-PVA and NaOCl/saline/FAR led to complete bacterial elimination (p > 0.05). In comparison with the initial sample, both the post-irrigation and the final samples showed microbial reduction (p < 0.05). Conclusions: AgNPs-PVA and FAR showed low cytotoxicity and genotoxicity, and exhibit potential for use as a final endodontic irrigation protocols. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/11362-8 - Atividade antimicrobiana, antibiofilme e citotóxica de solução de nanopartículas de prata e farnesol para desinfecção de canais radiculares
Beneficiário:Gisselle Moraima Chávez Andrade
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/13271-0 - Avaliação de propriedades físico-químicas, mecânicas e antimicrobianas do MTA e cimento Portland associado a óxido de zircônio e nano-hidroxiapatita
Beneficiário:Juliane Maria Guerreiro Tanomaru
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular