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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Putative adhesive setae on the walking legs of the Paleotropical harvestman Metibalonius sp (Arachnida: Opiliones: Podoctidae)

Autor(es):
Gainett, Guilherme [1, 2] ; Sharma, Prashant P. [2] ; Giribet, Gonzalo [3, 4] ; Willemart, Rodrigo H. [5, 6, 1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Artes Ciencias & Humanidades, Lab Ecol Sensorial & Comportamento Artropodes, Rua Arlindo Bettio, 1000, Ermelino Matarazzo, BR-03828000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Wisconsin, Dept Integrat Biol, 352 Birge Hall, 430 Lincoln Dr, Madison, WI 53706 - USA
[3] Harvard Univ, Museum Comparat Zool, 26 Oxford St, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
[4] Harvard Univ, Dept Organism & Evolutionary Biol, 26 Oxford St, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
[5] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Programa Posgrad Ecol & Evolucao, Campus Diadema, Rua Prof Artur Riedel 275, BR-09972270 Diadema, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Programa Posgrad Zool, Rua Matao 321, Travessa 14, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF ARACHNOLOGY; v. 46, n. 1, p. 62-68, APR 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

We provide a first scanning electron microscopy examination of the Paleotropical harvestman family Podoctidae (Opiliones: Laniatores), focusing on the distitarsus of the legs of Metibalonius sp. Distitarsi I and II are mostly equipped with olfactory sensilla chaetica with wall pores, while those of legs III and IV have gustatory sensilla chaetica with a tip pore, ventral trichomes with ovate tips (non-sensory) and a type of spatulate seta. Spatulate setae are present in adults of both sexes, with no apparent sexual dimorphism, but they are absent in the nymph. Seven of these setae are inserted on the frontal surface of the last tarsomere of legs III and IV, with the tips oriented ventrally. Each seta has an s-shaped socketed shaft, which terminates distally in a spatula-shaped structure. The distribution of spatulate setae, restricted to legs III and IV (walking legs), the position on the distitarsi, and the typical spatulate shape suggest an adhesive function for these structures. Morphology and position suggest that the socketed spatulate setae of Metibalonius sp. and the previously reported scopular spatulate setae of other harvestmen constitute two distinct types of adhesive structures, highlighting the diversity of adhesive structures in Laniatores. Future investigations about the natural history of this species and internal morphology of spatulate setae are necessary to test further functional hypotheses and to determine their behavioral role. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/00915-0 - Comunicação química em opiliões (Arachnida, Opiliones): morfologia, comportamento e química
Beneficiário:Rodrigo Hirata Willemart
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 11/11527-4 - Evolução e dimorfismo sexual de aberturas glandulares em opiliões Gonyleptidae (Arachnida, Opiliones)
Beneficiário:Guilherme Gainett Cardoso Martins de Carvalho Florez
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica