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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Determinants of inequalities in the quality of Brazilian diet: trends in 12-year population-based study (2003-2015)

Texto completo
Autor(es):
de Mello, Aline Veroneze [1] ; Sarti, Flavia Mori [2] ; Pereira, Jaqueline Lopes [1] ; Goldbaum, Moises [3] ; Galvao Cesar, Chester Luiz [4] ; Goi Porto Alves, Maria Cecilia [5] ; Fisberg, Regina Mara [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, Ave Dr Arnaldo, 715 Cerqueira Cesar, BR-01246904 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Arts Sci & Humanities, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Prevent Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Hlth Inst Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR EQUITY IN HEALTH; v. 17, JUN 7 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Background: Recent studies have explored the influence of socioeconomic inequalities on the diet quality. However, there is lack of evidence regarding the level of inequalities in dietary quality and its main contributing factors from population-based follow-up studies. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the level and the determinants of inequalities in diet quality in a representative sample of adolescents, adults and older adults resident in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Methods: Data from the Health Survey of Sao Paulo (ISA-Capital) were analyzed for 2003 (n = 2398), 2008 (n = 1662) and 2015 (n = 1742) surveys. Information on food consumption was obtained through 24-h dietary recall, and diet quality was assessed based on the Revised Brazilian Healthy Eating Index (BHEI-R). The descriptive variables were compared using 95% confidence interval. The scores of BHEI-R and its components were compared across age groups and year. The association between socioeconomic inequalities and diet quality was based on the estimation of concentration index. Results: We observed that the BHEI-R scores gradually improved over 12-years, with older adults showing the greatest improvement. The increase in overall population score was observed for total fruits, whole fruits, whole grains, oils and sodium. The main contributor to socioeconomic inequality in diet quality in 2003 was ethnic group, and in 2008 and 2015, it was per capita household income; age was a persistent factor of inequality in the population over the years. Concentration indices indicated that lower income individuals had higher BHEI-R scores in 2003; however, there was a shift in favor of higher income individuals in 2008 and 2015. Conclusions: Changes in the patterns of determination of inequalities according to age, ethnic group or income during the period analyzed show the existence of ongoing process of contribution of demographic and socioeconomic factors in the diet quality of individuals in a large urban center. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/15831-0 - Fatores dietéticos, homocisteína, polimorfismos do gene MTHFR e risco cardiovascular em adultos e idosos: estudo de base populacional - ISA - capital
Beneficiário:Regina Mara Fisberg
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 07/51488-2 - Métodos para estimativa da prevalência de inadequação de nutrientes em indivíduos residentes no município de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Regina Mara Fisberg
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/22113-9 - Indicadores bioquímicos do estado nutricional de micronutrientes e consumo alimentar habitual de residentes do Município de São Paulo - Estudo ISA 2013
Beneficiário:Regina Mara Fisberg
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 98/14099-7 - Inquérito de saúde no estado de São Paulo, inquérito domiciliar de base populacional em municípios do estado de São Paulo - 1999-2000
Beneficiário:Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Pesquisa em Políticas Públicas