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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

New insights about cadmium impacts on tomato: Plant acclimation, nutritional changes, fruit quality and yield

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Autor(es):
Carvalho, Marcia E. A. [1] ; Piotto, Fernando A. [1] ; Gaziola, Salete A. [1] ; Jacomino, Angelo P. [2] ; Jozefczak, Marijke [3] ; Cuypers, Ann [3] ; Azevedo, Ricardo A. [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo Esalq USP, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Dept Genet, Piracicaba - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo Esalq USP, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Dept Prod Vegetal, Piracicaba - Brazil
[3] Hasselt Univ, Ctr Environm Sci, Diepenbeek - Belgium
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FOOD AND ENERGY SECURITY; v. 7, n. 2 MAY 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 13
Resumo

Tomato is an important crop worldwide. Cadmium (Cd) concentrations in fruits depend on tomato genotype. This work aimed to study the relation among Cd accumulation, tolerance mechanisms, and fruit features in two tomato cultivars with contrasting tolerance to Cd stress. Tolerant (Yoshimatsu) and sensitive (Tropic Two Orders) plants were grown in control and contaminated soils (0.04 and 3.77mg/kg Cd, respectively) from the seedling stage to fruit production. Both cultivars were able to acclimatize to Cd exposure, probably through mechanisms associated with reductions in the magnesium status. Cadmium concentrations varied according to the following descending order: roots=leaf blades > (peduncle+sepals) > stem=fruits. However, the tolerant cultivar accumulated more Cd than did the sensitive one. Although Cd reached the fruits from the first to the fourth bunches, peduncle and sepals may act as a barrier to Cd entrance in tomato pulp and peel. The Cd-induced changes in the fruit mineral profile varied according to plant cultivar, organ, tomato tissue, and bunch position. Moreover, plant yield was not affected by the Cd stress, which was able to improve fruit size and weight in the tolerant cultivar. In conclusion, new insights about the Cd-induced effects on tomato development and fruit attributes were provided by growing plants in soil, which is the media generally used to cultivate this crop, rather than hydroponics. It was shown that tomato cultivars with contrasting tolerance to Cd toxicity can reach sexual maturity and produce fruits with no yield losses, despite impacts on development from long-term Cd exposure. This study also revealed the role of floral receptacle and its related structures in limiting, even partially, Cd translocation to the fruits. Furthermore, Yoshimatsu's capacity to produce bigger and heavier fruits, in plants under Cd exposure, may probably be associated with enhanced Cd accumulation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/54676-0 - Estresse oxidativo induzido por metais: novas abordagens
Beneficiário:Ricardo Antunes de Azevedo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/15217-5 - Abordagem integrada de parâmetros anatômicos, fisiológicos, bioquímicos e moleculares para o estudo de mecanismos de tolerância ao cádmio em acessos de tomateiro
Beneficiário:Marcia Eugenia Amaral de Carvalho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado