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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Ecological versatility and the assembly of multiple competitors: cautionary notes for assembly inferences

Autor(es):
Saito, Victor S. [1, 2, 3] ; Laroche, Fabien [4] ; Siqueira, Tadeu [5] ; Pavoine, Sandrine [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UPMC, Sorbonne Univ, Ctr Ecol & Sci Conservat CESCO UMR7204, MNHN, CNRS, CP51, 43-61 Rue Buffon, F-75005 Paris - France
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Ciencias Ambientais DCAm, Rodovia Washington Luis, Km 235, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Programa Posgrad Ecol & Recursos, Rodovia Washington Luis, Km 235, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] Irstea, UR EFNO, F-45290 Nogent Sur Vernisson - France
[5] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, UNESP, Av 24-A, 1515, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ECOLOGY; v. 99, n. 5, p. 1173-1183, MAY 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

The role of niche differences and competition is invoked when one finds coexisting species to be more dissimilar in trait composition than expected at random in community assembly studies. This approach has been questioned as competition has been hypothesized to either lead to communities assembled by similar or dissimilar species, depending on whether species similarity reflects fitness or niche differences, respectively. A current problem is that the arguments used to draw relationships between competition and species similarity are based on pairwise theoretical examples, while in nature competition can occurs among a constellation of species with different levels of versatility in resources used. By versatility we mean the documented ability of some species to escape competition for commonly used resources by changing for marginal and unused resources. Thus, a versatile species will have the ability to decrease niche overlap with all other species when facing strong competitors. When these species are embedded in multiple interactions the role of pairwise niche and fitness differences could be reduced due to indirect effects and thus competition would not be detectable. Here we developed a coexistence theory where competition occurs simultaneously among multiple species with different levels of versatility and then used it in a simulation to unravel patterns of species similarity during community assembly. We found that simulated communities can be assembled by species with more, less or equal similarity compared to a null model when using a mean distance based metric (SES.MPD). However, contrasting these varied results, we consistently found species overdispersion using a nearest neighbor-based metric (SES.MNTD), even when species differences reflected more directly their competitive abilities than their niche differences. Strong tendency to overdispersion emerged when high ecological versatility promoted large niche differences and enabled coexistence. This is because versatility to use marginal resources compensates possible fitness differences among species. Our findings provide mounting evidence of the important role of minimum niche differences and versatility in resource consumption for species embedded in multiple direct and indirect interactions. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/24532-4 - Desvendando os processos de montagem de comunidades: a interação entre predação e competição
Beneficiário:Victor Satoru Saito
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/50424-1 - Scaling biodiversity in tropical and boreal streams: implications for diversity mapping and environmental assessment (ScaleBio)
Beneficiário:Tadeu de Siqueira Barros
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/20540-0 - Processos em metacomunidades: fatores ecológicos, evolutivos e espaciais estruturando as comunidades de macroinvertebrados aquáticos
Beneficiário:Victor Satoru Saito
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado