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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Modulation of miR-26a-5p and miR-15b-5p Exosomal Expression Associated with Clopidogrel-Induced Hepatotoxicity in HepG2 Cells

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Autor(es):
Costa de Freitas, Renata C. [1] ; Bortolin, Raul H. [1] ; Lopes, Mariana B. [1] ; Tamborlin, Leticia [2] ; Meneguello, Leticia [3] ; Silbiger, Vivian N. [1] ; Hirata, Rosario D. C. [4] ; Hirata, Mario H. [4] ; Luchessi, Augusto D. [2, 3] ; Luchessi, Andre D. [1]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, Dept Clin & Toxicol Anal, Natal, RN - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Lab Biotechnol, Sch Appl Sci, Limeira - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Post Grad Biol Sci, Inst Biosci, Rio Claro - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Clin & Toxicol Anal, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN PHARMACOLOGY; v. 8, DEC 12 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Clopidogrel is an essential antiplatelet drug used to prevent thrombosis complications associated with atherosclerosis. However, hepatotoxicity is a potential adverse effect related to clopidogrel therapy. Exosome-derived miRNAs may be useful for improved monitoring of drug response and hepatotoxicity risk. In the present study, the expression of several exosomalmiRNAs (miR-26a-5p, miR-145-5p, miR-15b-5p, andmiR-4701-3p) and cell-derived mRNA targets (PLOD2, SENP5, EIF4G2, HMGA2, STRADB, and TLK1) were evaluated in HepG2 cells treated with clopidogrel (6.25, 12.5, 25, 50, and 100 mu M) for 24 and 48 h. Then, clopidogrel cytotoxicity was evaluated by analyzing DNA fragmentation and the cell cycle profile using flow cytometry. Differential expression of exosome-derived miRNAs and cell-derived mRNAs was analyzed by RT-qPCR. Exposure of HepG2 cells to high concentrations of clopidogrel (50 and 100 mu M) for 24 h caused significant DNA fragmentation (17.6 and 44.4%, respectively; p < 0.05) and 48 h (26.8 and 48.9%, respectively; p < 0.05), indicating cellular toxicity. Upregulation of miR-26a-5p and downregulation of miR-15b-5p was observed in cells exposed to 100 mu M clopidogrel for 24 and 48 h. The miR-26a-5p target mRNAs HMGA2, EIF4G2, STRADB, and SENP5 were downregulated in HepG2 cells following exposure to cytotoxic concentrations of clopidogrel (50 and 100 mu M) for 24 h, and HMGA2 levels remained low after 48 h of treatment. TLK1, a target of miR-15b-5p, was downregulated by 50 and 100 mu M clopidogrel at 24 h. In conclusion, our results suggest that exposure to high concentrations of clopidogrel modulates the expression of exosomal miR-26a-5p and miR-15b-5p and their target mRNAs in HepG2 cells. Dysregulation of these miRNAs maybe modulate the regulatory pathways involved in clopidogrel-induced liver injury. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/18095-0 - Estudo do fator de início de tradução de eucariotos 5A (eIF5A) em mamíferos
Beneficiário:Augusto Ducati Luchessi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores