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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

A simplified and general approach to absorption and stripping with parallel streams

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Autor(es):
Meirelles, Antonio J. A. [1] ; Biasi, Lilian C. K. [1] ; Batista, Fabio R. M. [2] ; Batista, Eduardo A. C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Sch Food Engn, Dept Food Engn, ExTrAE, Lab Extract Appl Thermodynam & Equilibrium, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Engn Lorena, Dept Chem Engn, BR-12602810 Lorena, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Separation and Purification Technology; v. 203, p. 93-110, SEP 12 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

This work presents a simplified and general approach for calculating the number of ideal stages and the corresponding concentrations in absorption and stripping with parallel streams. Vapor (gas)/liquid separation processes with parallel streams involve the division of either the vapor phase or the liquid phase in a selected and feasible number of sub-streams and their contact, in alternate trays, with the entire stream of the other phase, i.e. the liquid or vapor phases, respectively. The division of the vapor phase (pars-absorption or stripping) allows the possible allocation of a larger number of trays in the same column height and can be an alternative for processes conducted under low pressure and/or involving thermosensitive compounds. On the other hand, the partition of the liquid phase (meta-absorption or stripping) permits a better liquid phase flowing, especially in the case of large liquid loads. The mass balance equations are formulated for mixtures with a unique component being transferred and for two or more partitions of the vapor or liquid phases. Based on the obtained operation lines, the proposed approach allows the calculation of the number of ideal stages for para- and meta-absorption/stripping with any integer number of divisions of the corresponding stream. Furthermore, the additional assumption of a linear equilibrium behavior makes possible the formulation of recurrence equations representing the change of the vapor (para-separation) or liquid (meta-separation) concentrations along the column. In fact, a linear beta th-order difference equation, with beta corresponding to the number of divisions of the selected stream, can be formulated in each case and the exact solutions for beta equal to 2, 3 and 4 are presented. The approach was tested in the calculation of pars- and meta-absorption/stripping columns of two different mixtures of interest for bio-refineries, namely those mixtures related to the recovery of bioethanol lost during sugar fermentation and to the desorption of free fatty acids from vegetable oils. Based on the calculated results, the advantages of absorption/stripping with parallel streams are discussed. The new approach can be used as a reliable shortcut procedure in the optimization and intensification of complex chemical processes involving absorption and/or stripping steps, as well as a learning tool for teaching the design of downstream equipment. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/21252-0 - Equilíbrio e processos de produção de biocombustíveis e bioprodutos
Beneficiário:Antonio José de Almeida Meirelles
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 16/10636-8 - Da fábrica celular à biorrefinaria integrada Biodiesel-Bioetanol: uma abordagem sistêmica aplicada a problemas complexos em micro e macroescalas
Beneficiário:Roberto de Campos Giordano
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Temático