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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Fossil snakes (Squamata, Serpentes) from the tar pits of Venezuela: taxonomic, palaeoenvironmental, and palaeobiogeographical implications for the North of South America during the Cenozoic/Quaternary boundary

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Autor(es):
Onary, Silvio [1] ; Rincon, Ascanio D. [2] ; Hsiou, Annie S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Lab Paleontol Ribeirao Preto, Dept Biol, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Venezolano Invest Cient, Lab Paleontol, Ctr Ecol, Caracas - Venezuela
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PeerJ; v. 6, AUG 14 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Background. Tar seep deposits in South America historically are well-known for their rich record of fossil mammals, contrasting with only a few formal reports of reptile remains. Here we report a new snake fauna recovered from two tar pits from Venezuela. The fossil remains come from two localities: (a) El Breal de Orocual, which comprises an inactive tar seep estimated to be Plio/Pleistocene in age; and (b) Mene de Inciarte, an active surface asphalt deposit with an absolute age dating to the late Pleistocene. Methods. The taxonomic identity of all specimens was assessed via consultation of the relevant literature and comparison with extant specimens. The taxonomic assignments are supported by detailed anatomical description. Results. The Mene de Inciarte snake fauna comprises vertebral remains identified as the genus Epicrates sp. (Boidae), indeterminate viperids, and several isolated vertebrae attributable to ``Colubridae{''} (Colubroidea, sensu Zaher et al., 2009). Amongst the vertebral assemblage at El Breal de Orocual, one specimen is assigned to the genus Corallus sp. (Boidae), another to cf. Micrurus (Elapidae), and several others to ``Colubrids{''} (Colubroides, sensu Zaher et al., 2009) and the Viperidae family. Conclusions. These new records provide valuable insight into the diversity of snakes in the north of South America during the Neogene/Quaternary boundary. The snake fauna of El Breal de Orocual and Mene de Inciarte demonstrates the presence of Boidae, Viperidae, ``colubrids{''}, and the oldest South American record of Elapidae. The presence of Corallus, Epicrates, and viperids corroborates the mosaic palaeoenvironmental conditions of El Breal de Orocual. The presence of Colubroides within both deposits sheds light on the palaeobiogeographical pattern of caenophidians snake colonization of South America and is consistent with the hypothesis of two episodes of dispersion of Colubroides to the continent. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/00845-1 - Origem e macroevolução dos Booidea (Squamata, Serpentes) utilizando aspectos filogenéticos e análise de reconstrução de áreas ancestrais
Beneficiário:Silvio Yuji Onary Alves
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/14080-0 - Os Squamata (Reptilia, Lepidosauria) do Cretáceo e Terciário (Paleogeno/Neogeno) das bacias Bauru, Aiuruoca e Acre: sistemática, evolução e paleoambientes
Beneficiário:Annie Schmaltz Hsiou
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores