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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Myostatin and adipokines: The role of the metabolically unhealthy obese phenotype in muscle function and aerobic capacity in young adults

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Autor(es):
Carvalho, Livia Pinheiro [1] ; Basso-Vanelli, Renata Pedrolongo [1] ; Di Thommazo-Luporini, Luciana [1] ; Mendes, Renata Goncalves [1] ; Oliveira-Junior, Manoel Carneiro [2] ; Vieira, Rodolfo de Paula [3, 4] ; Bonjorno-Junior, Jose Carlos [5] ; Oliveira, Claudio Ricardo [5] ; Luporini, Rafael [5] ; Borghi-Silva, Audrey [1]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Physiotherapy Dept, Cardiopulm Physiotherapy Lab, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Nove de Julho Univ, Lab Pulm & Exercise Immunol LABPEI, Brazilian Inst Teaching & Res Pulm & Exercise Imm, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Sch Med Sci Sao Jose dos Campos Humanitas, Brazilian Inst Teaching & Res Pulm & Exercise Imm, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Brasil, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Med, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CYTOKINE; v. 107, p. 118-124, JUL 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Obesity is often associated with metabolic disorders. However, some obese people can present a metabolically healthy phenotype, despite having excessive body fat. Obesity-related cytokines, such as myostatin (MSTN), leptin (LP) and adiponectin (ADP) appear to be key factors for the regulation of muscle and energy metabolism. Our aim was to compare lipid, glucose-insulin and inflammatory (tumor necrosis factor alpha; TNF-alpha) profiles, muscle function, energy expenditure and aerobic capacity between healthy normal-weight (NW) adults, metabolically healthy obese (MHO) and metabolically unhealthy obese (MUHO) adults; to study the associations between these outcomes and the cytokines MSTN, ADP, LP; and to establish cutoffs for MSTN and LP/ADP to identify the MUHO phenotype. Sixty-one young adults (NW, n = 24; MHO, n = 16; MUHO, n = 21) underwent body composition (body fat -BF and muscle mass - MM), energy expenditure at rest (RER) and aerobic capacity (VO2peak) evaluation, muscle strength and endurance tests and blood profile characterization (glucose-insulin homeostasis and serum MSTN, ADP, LP and TNF-alpha). MHO and MUHO had a BMI >= 30 kg m(-2). MUHO was defined as presenting >= 3 criteria for metabolic syndrome (NCEP/ATPIII) in association with insulin resistance (HOMA-IR >= 3.46). MSTN and LP/ADP were associated with MM, MetS and glucose-insulin profile; MSTN was associated with TNF-alpha and only LP/ADP was associated with parameters of obesity and VO2peak. Neither MSTN nor LP/ADP was associated with muscle functions (p < .05 for adjusted correlations). Both of them were able to discriminate the MUHO phenotype: MSTN {[}AUC(95%CI) = 0.71(0.55-0.86), MSTN > 517.3 pg/mL] and LP/ADP {[}AUC(95%CI) = 0.89(0.81-0.97), LP/ADP > 2.14 pg/ng]. In conclusion, high MSTN and LP/ADP are associated with MetS, glucose-insulin homeostasis impairment and low muscle mass. Myostatin is associated with TNF-alpha and leptin-to-adiponectin ratio is associated with body fatness and aerobic capacity. Neither MSTN nor LP/ADP is associated with energy expenditure, muscle strength and endurance. Myostatin and adipokines cutoffs can identify the metabolically unhealthy obese phenotype in young adults with acceptable accuracy. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/04101-1 - Efeitos clínicos, funcionais e sistêmicos da estimulação elétrica neuromuscular corpórea no pós-operatório de cirurgia bariátrica.
Beneficiário:Audrey Borghi e Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/15681-3 - Relacionamento entre estrutura e função muscular periférica, inflamação sistêmica e regulação autonômica em adultos obesos
Beneficiário:Lívia Pinheiro Carvalho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto