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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Considerations for monitoring population trends of colonial waterbirds using the effective number of breeders and census estimates

Texto completo
Autor(es):
da Silva, Fagner M. [1] ; Mino, Carolina I. [2] ; Izbicki, Rafael [3] ; Del Lama, Silvia N. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Genet & Evolucao, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Nacl Misiones, IBS, CONICET, Posadas, Misiones - Argentina
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Estat, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION; v. 8, n. 16, p. 8088-8101, AUG 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Detecting trends in population size fluctuations is a major focus in ecology, evolution, and conservation biology. Populations of colonial waterbirds have been monitored using demographic approaches to determine annual census size (N-a). We propose the addition of genetic estimates of the effective number of breeders (N-b) as indirect measures of the risk of loss of genetic diversity to improve the evaluation of demographics and increase the accuracy of trend estimates in breeding colonies. Here, we investigated which methods of the estimation of N-b are more precise under conditions of moderate genetic diversity, limited sample sizes and few microsatellite loci, as often occurs with natural populations. We used the wood stork as a model species and we offered a workflow that researchers can follow for monitoring bird breeding colonies. Our approach started with simulations using five estimators of N-b and the theoretical results were validated with empirical data collected from breeding colonies settled in the Brazilian Pantanal wetland. In parallel, we estimated census size using a corrected method based on counting active nests. Both in simulations and in natural populations, the approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) and sibship assignment (SA) methods yielded more precise estimates than the linkage disequilibrium, heterozygosity excess, and molecular coancestry methods. In particular, the ABC method performed best with few loci and small sample sizes, while the other estimators required larger sample sizes and at least 13 loci to not underestimate N-b. Moreover, according to our N-b/N-a estimates (values were often 0.1), the wood stork colonies evaluated could be facing the loss of genetic diversity. We demonstrate that the combination of genetic and census estimates is a useful approach for monitoring natural breeding bird populations. This methodology has been recommended for populations of rare species or with a known history of population decline to support conservation efforts. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/01673-7 - Isolamento de microssatélites e de SNPs em garça-vaqueira (Bubulcus ibis, Ardeidae, aves) e sua aplicação em estudos familiais e populacionais
Beneficiário:Silvia Nassif Del Lama
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/52315-7 - Predadores de topo de cadeia alimentar
Beneficiário:Pedro Manoel Galetti Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular