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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Structural basis of phospholipase A(2)-like myotoxin inhibition by chicoric acid, a novel potent inhibitor of ophidian toxins

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Autor(es):
Cardoso, Fabio F. [1] ; Borges, Rafael J. [1] ; Dreyer, Thiago R. [1] ; Salvador, Guilherme H. M. [1] ; Cavalcante, Walter L. G. [2, 3, 1] ; Dal Pai, Maeli [4] ; Gallacci, Marcia [2] ; Fontes, Marcos R. M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Fis & Biofis, Rua Prof Doutor Antonio Celso Wagner Zanin S-N, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Farmacol, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Inst Ciencias Biol, Dept Farmacol, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Morfol, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-GENERAL SUBJECTS; v. 1862, n. 12, p. 2728-2737, DEC 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Background: Specific compounds found in vegetal species have been demonstrated to be efficient inhibitors of snake toxins, such as phospholipase A(2)-like (PLA(2)-like) proteins. These particular proteins, present in several species of vipers (Viperidae), induce a severe local myotoxic effect in prey and human victims, and this effect is often not efficiently neutralized by the regular serum therapy. PLA(2)-like proteins have been functionally and structurally studied since the early 1990s; however, a comprehensive molecular mechanism was proposed only recently. Methods: Myographic and histological techniques were used to evaluate the inhibitory effect of chicoric acid (CA) against BthTX-I myotoxin. Isothermal titration calorimetry assays were used to measure the affinity between the inhibitor and the toxin. X-ray crystallography was used to reveal details of this interaction. Results: CA prevented the blockade of indirectly evoked muscle contraction and inhibited muscle damage induced by BthTX-I. The inhibitor binds to the toxin with the highest affinity measured for a natural compound in calorimetric assays. The crystal structure and molecular dynamics simulations demonstrated that CA binds at the entrance of the hydrophobic channel of the toxin and binds to one of the clusters that participates in membrane disruption. Conclusions: CA prevents the myotoxic activity of the toxin, preventing its activation by simultaneous binding with two critical regions. General significance: CA is a potential myotoxic inhibitor to other PLA(2)-like proteins and a possible candidate to complement serum therapy. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/17286-0 - Estudos estruturais e funcionais objetivando compreender o papel de toxinas de venenos de serpentes e de como inibir a sua atividade biológica
Beneficiário:Marcos Roberto de Mattos Fontes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/07112-6 - Estudos estruturais e funcionais com a bothropstoxina-I, isolada do veneno de Bothrops Jararacussu, e com derivados do ácido cafeico
Beneficiário:Fábio Florença Cardoso
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado