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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes mellitus induce lipopolysaccharide tolerance in rat neutrophils

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Autor(es):
Tatagiba Kuwabara, Wilson Mitsuo [1] ; Fukusawa Yokota, Caroline Naomi [1] ; Curi, Rui [1, 2] ; Alba-Loureiro, Tatiana Carolina [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Physiol & Biophys, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Cruzeiro Sul, Interdisciplinar Hlth Sci Postgrad Program, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 8, DEC 3 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Obesity and diabetes implicate in various health complications and increased mortality caused by infection. Innate immune system is broadly affected by these diseases, leading the patients to an immunosuppressive state. A mechanism that leads innate immune cells to a less capacity of killing microorganism is the impaired TLR4 activation. TLR4 recognizes a component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and when activated increases the production of inflammatory substances. Neutrophils are components of the innate immune system and are the first responders to an invading agent. The correct activation of TLR4 in these cells is required for the initiation of the inflammatory process and elimination of the microorganisms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of type 2 diabetes and obesity in the TLR4 pathway in rat neutrophils. Two experimental models were used: Goto-Kakizaki rats and high-fat-diet induced obese Wistar rats. To evaluate neutrophil response to LPS, intratracheal LPS instillation was used. Neutrophils from obese and diabetic animals exhibited tolerance to LPS, mainly by the impaired production of cytokines and chemokines and the low content of phospho-NF kappa B and phospho-IKB alpha. Neutrophils from both experimental models had increased cell death, impaired in vivo migration and myeloperoxidase activity. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/09868-7 - Mecanismos celulares e moleculares envolvidos na resistência à insulina e inflamação em ratos Wistar obesos e Goto-Kakizaki magros: causas e associações com dieta e exercício físico
Beneficiário:Rui Curi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 15/03175-1 - Papel dos neutrófilos na resposta inflamatória no Diabetes mellitus tipo 2: estudo dos mecanismos celulares e moleculares
Beneficiário:Tatiana Carolina Alba Loureiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 16/15766-7 - Hipertrofia do músculo esquelético em ratos com diabetes mellitus tipo i
Beneficiário:Rui Curi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular