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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Unraveling the scales of effect of landscape structure on primate species richness and density of titi monkeys (Callicebus nigrifrons)

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Autor(es):
Gestich, Carla C. [1] ; Arroyo-Rodriguez, Victor [2] ; Ribeiro, Milton C. [3] ; da Cunha, Rogerio G. T. [4] ; Setz, Eleonore Z. F. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Biol Anim, Rua Monteiro Lobato 255, Caixa Postal 6109, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Invest Ecosistemas & Sustentabilidad, Morelia, Michoacan - Mexico
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNESP, Dept Ecol, LEEC, Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Alfenas, Inst Ciencias Nat, Alfenas, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH; v. 34, n. 1, p. 150-159, JAN 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 10
Resumo

In the Anthropocene, many animal populations are increasingly confined to human-modified landscapes, in which different spatial variables describing landscape composition and configuration influence species persistence. Forest specialist species are particularly vulnerable to these landscape disturbances. Yet, landscape effects may be undetected if assessed at the wrong spatial scale. Thus, identifying the scale of effect, which is the optimal spatial scale for estimating ecological responses to each landscape variable, is needed to understand the impact of landscape structure modification on species. Here, we explored the scale of effect of two compositional (forest cover and anthropogenic cover) and two configurational landscape variables (forest patch density and forest edge density) on two ecological responses: primate species richness and group densities of titi monkeys (Callicebus nigrifrons). We sampled 16 study sites in northeastern SAo Paulo State, Brazil. For each site, we measured each landscape variable within 10 different-sized landscapes ranging from 0.2 to 28.3 km(2) to identify the scale of effect of each landscape variable. The strength of all the primate-landscape relationships varied across spatial scales. Although both ecological responses were most strongly associated with forest cover at the largest scale, the scale of effect of the other landscape variables differed between the response variables. These results suggest that each response variable is shaped by landscape patterns and processes operating across different spatial scales. We highlight the importance of separately assessing the scale of effect of each landscape variable on each ecological response to better understand the impact of landscape structure on species persistence. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/14245-2 - Influência de parâmetros da paisagem sobre a ocorrência de primatas e a densidade de Callicebus nigrifrons no Nordeste do estado de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Carla Cristina Gestich
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/50421-2 - Novos métodos de amostragem e ferramentas estatísticas para pesquisa em biodiversidade: integrando ecologia de movimento com ecologia de população e comunidade
Beneficiário:Milton Cezar Ribeiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular