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Genomic Attributes of Novel Symbiont Pseudovibrio brasiliensis sp. nov. Isolated From the Sponge Arenosclera brasiliensis

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Autor(es):
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Froes, Adriana M. [1] ; Freitas, Thamyres C. [1] ; Vidal, Livia [1] ; Appolinario, Luciana R. [1] ; Leomil, Luciana [1] ; Venas, Taina [1] ; Campeao, Mariana E. [1] ; Silva, Carlos J. F. [1] ; Moreira, Ana Paula B. [1] ; Berlinck, Roberto G. S. [2] ; Thompson, Fabiano L. [1, 3] ; Thompson, Cristiane C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 12
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Inst Biol, Lab Microbiol, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, COPPE, SAGE, Ctr Technol, CT2, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE; v. 5, MAR 12 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Sponge holobionts are defined as the host animals and their associated microbiomes. Both host and microbiome produce extracellular products that facilitate interaction within the holobiont. For example, microbes may provide nutrition for the animal host and protection against pathogens. The genomic study of bacterial cultures may shed light on the properties of novel symbiotic bacteria isolated from marine holobionts. In this study, we performed a genome-based analysis of Pseudovibrio brasiliensis Ab134(T) isolated from the sponge Arenosclera brasiliensis. This novel strain is phylogenetically related to Pseudovibrio denitrificans. In silico DNA-DNA hybridization and calculation of the average amino acid identity between the strain Ab134(T) and P. denitrificans JCM 12308(T) showed <70% similarity and <95% identity, respectively. This novel bacterial species possesses genomic features that hint at several possible roles in symbiosis (e.g., production of secondary metabolites, including bromotyrosine-derived alkaloids) in sponge and coral holobionts. We also detected gene clusters encoding type III, type IV, and type VI secretion systems and 26 toxin-like proteins, including probable paralogs. Our results demonstrate the genome versatility of P. brasiliensis Ab134(T) and the potential to attach to host cells, which may play a role in its symbiotic lifestyle. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/50228-8 - Componentes da biodiversidade, e seus caracteres metabólicos, de ilhas do Brasil - uma abordagem integrada
Beneficiário:Roberto Gomes de Souza Berlinck
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático